Examining the role of socioeconomic status and temperament in the hair cortisol levels of infants

Socioeconomic status (SES) appears to be an important contextual factor in children's developmental outcomes, including their responses to stress. However, some children are more susceptible to its effects than others. Hair cortisol is a newer method of assessing the activity of the HPA axis, providing cumulative cortisol levels. The present article examined whether temperament (negative emotionality) moderates the association between an SES index and the hair cortisol concentration (HCC) of infants. Sixty infants from 6 to 15 months of age were recruited, of which 49 had sufficient hair for cortisol analysis. The SES index was calculated from the education levels of the mothers, family income, and a scale measuring the quality of the home environment. Negative emotionality was measured with the three sub-scales of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire (falling reactivity, distress to limitations, and fear). Among infants low in negative emotionality, there was no association between SES and cortisol. In contrast, among those high in negative emotionality, a significant association was obtained. These infants showed lower levels of HCC in lower-SES environments. The findings suggest that there are individual differences in reacting to the environment, and low levels of cortisol (not high) were found in susceptible infants in lower-SES families.


Examining the role of early adversity and temperament incognitive development and hair cortisol levels of infants
Ertekin, Zeynep; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Department of Psychology (2021-4-06)
Although early adversity, including being reared in institutional care or a low socioeconomic environment, influences children’s development negatively, not all children are affected at the same level. This thesis aims to examine the role of early adversity and temperament in infants’ cognitive development and their stress regulation systems. Study I longitudinally examined the cognitive development of infants 3 to 15 months old reared in institutional care (N = 75). Their development was compared with that...
Predictive values of social support,coping styles and stress level in posttraumatic growth and burnout levels among the parents of children with autism
Elçi, Özcan; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2004)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive power of some demographic variables and ways of coping, social support and perceived stress level in predicting burnout and posttraumatic growth levels of parents who have a child with autism. Data was collected by administering a socio-demographic form and four self-report questionnaires. These were the Questionnaire on Resources and Stress Short Form (QRS), Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Suppo...
The Relationship between parent-child characteristics and child outcomes: mediator role of emotion-related socialization behaviors
Gölcük, Merve; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Department of Psychology (2020)
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the mediator role of emotion-related socialization behaviors (supportive and non-supportive reactions) in the relationships between child temperamental characteristics (anger/frustration and perceptual sensitivity), maternal personality traits (Agreeableness and Openness-to- experience), maternal autonomous-related self-construal and the child outcomes of emotion regulation and theory of mind. In addition, the study aimed to examine the cross-lagged relati...
The Effects of Parental Attitudes and Mothers' Psychological Well-Being on the Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Their Preschool Children
Yurdusen, Sema; EROL, NEŞE; Gençöz, Tülin (2013-01-01)
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between emotional and behavioral problems in preschool children and maternal attitudes. The predictor variables were parental attitudes, maternal depression and anxiety symptoms. Our sample consisted of the mothers of 204 preschool children attending different preschools in Ankara, Turkey. Mothers were asked to complete the parental attitude research instrument, the beck depression inventory, the trait anxiety inventory, and the child-behavior chec...
The relationship between teachers’ emotional labor and vocational belonging
Çabuk, Deniz; Gökalp, Gökçe; Department of Educational Administration and Planning (2022-9)
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between teachers’ levels of emotional labor and vocational belonging. The study is a quantitative study adopting a relational screening model. Participants of the study included 416 primary, middle and high school teachers currently working in public and private schools in Bergama, İzmir. Data were collected through two questionnaires; Emotional Labor Scale and Vocational Belonging Scale. For data analysis, standard multiple linear regression an...
Citation Formats
Z. Ertekin and S. Kazak Berument, “Examining the role of socioeconomic status and temperament in the hair cortisol levels of infants,” DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOBIOLOGY, pp. 0–0, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/32061.