A corpus-based study of evidentials in the Turkish Cypriot dialect

Using a corpus-based language contact framework, this study explores how evidentiality is expressed in Standard Turkish spoken in Turkey (TT) and the Turkish Cypriot Dialect spoken in North Cyprus (CT). The corpus comprises oral interviews with 80 speakers in North Cyprus and Turkey. We compared the expressions of direct and indirect experience in the oral productions of speakers aged between 18 and 22 (18+ group) with the expressions of speakers who were 50 and older (50+ group). We used two comparable subcorpora of speech produced by TT speakers as the reference model. In contrast to the previous studies on evidentiality in CT (e.g., Aksu-Koc et al., 2009), which were based on observational data, we adopted a corpus-based methodology that allowed for qualitative and quantitative statistical analyses of real speech data. Our findings indicate that TT and CT dialects differ extensively in reporting "hearsay" events. While TT speakers use the morpheme -mls to report hearsay events, CT speakers adopt the morpheme -Dl in the same situations. Our findings suggest that under the influence of Greek, CT has lost its grammatical indicator of indirect evidentiality. The past tense marker -Dl is used to express both the direct and indirect experience of the speakers in CT.


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A Study on evidentiality in Cypriot Turkish and Turkey Turkish with a cross-linguistic perspective
Işık Taş, Elvan Eda; Sağın Şimşek, Sultan Çiğdem (null; 2018-09-20)
A number of studies have thus far compared grammatical features of Turkey Turkish and Cypriot Turkish and have identified the realization of evidentiality as one of the distinguishing features of these two varieties. According to these studies, in Turkey Turkish while the morpheme -DI is used to report witnessed events (direct experience), the morpheme –mIş is used to express hearsay, reported or inferred information (indirect experience) (e.g., Aksu-Koç, 1995). In Cypriot Turkish, on the other hand, hearsa...
Citation Formats
E. E. Isik-Tas and S. Ç. Sağın Şimşek, “A corpus-based study of evidentials in the Turkish Cypriot dialect,” LINGUA, pp. 0–0, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/33201.