Wireless Sensing in Complex Electromagnetic Media: Construction Materials and Structural Monitoring

Ozbey, Burak
DEMİR, Hilmi Volkan
Kurç, Özgür
In this paper, wireless sensing in the presence of complex electromagnetic media created by combinations of reinforcing bars and concrete is investigated. The wireless displacement sensing system, primarily designed for use in structural health monitoring (SHM), is composed of a comb-like nested split-ring resonator (NSRR) probe and a transceiver antenna. Although each complex medium scenario is predicted to have a detrimental effect on sensing in principle, it is demonstrated that the proposed sensor geometry is able to operate fairly well in all scenarios except one. In these scenarios that mimic real-life SHM, it is shown that this sensor exhibits a high displacement resolution of 1 mu m, a good sensitivity of 7 MHz/mm in average, and a high dynamic range extending over 20 mm. For the most disruptive scenario of placing concrete immediately behind NSRR, a solution based on employing a separator behind the probe is proposed to overcome the handicaps introduced by the medium. In order to obtain a one-to-one mapping from the measured frequency shift to the displacement, a numerical fit is proposed and used. The effects of several complex medium scenarios on this fit are discussed. These results indicate that the proposed sensing scheme works well in real-life SHM applications.


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In this paper, simultaneous multi-point wireless sensing is proposed and demonstrated via multiple sensors in nested split-ring resonator (NSRR) geometry coupled to a single illuminator antenna. In this passive multi-point sensing system, each probe in the sensor array is assigned a non-overlapping spectral interval for frequency shift in response to local mechanical loading around a unique operating resonance frequency in the band of the antenna. Here, it is shown that the antenna is capable of capturing t...
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The room temperature, dark and photo-dielectric properties of the novel crystals TlGaSeS are investigated in the frequency, intensity and biasing voltage having ranges of similar to 1-120 MHz, 14-40 klux and 0-1 V, respectively. The crystals are observed to exhibit a dark high frequency effective dielectric constant value of similar to 10.65 x 10(3) with a quality factor of similar to 8.84 x 10(4) at similar to 120 MHz. The dielectric spectra showed sharp resonance-antiresonance peaks in the frequency range...
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This paper presents a battery-less wireless sensor network (WSN) equipped with electromagnetic (EM) energy harvesters and sensor nodes with adjustable time-interval based on stored the energy. A wearable EM energy harvesting system is developed and optimized to power-up a typical wireless sensor mote from body motion. This is realized through characterization of the body motion and design of a compact EM energy harvester according to vibration frequencies generated during human running and walking. The harv...
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System lifetime of wireless sensor networks (WSN) is inversely proportional to the energy consumed by critically energy-constrained sensor nodes during RF transmission. In that regard, modulated backscattering (MB) is a promising design choice, in which sensor nodes send their data just by switching their antenna impedance and reflecting the incident signal coming from an RF source. Hence, wireless passive sensor networks (WPSN) designed to operate using MB do not have the lifetime constraints of convention...
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Erdemir, Ecenaz; Tuncer, Temel Engin; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2017)
In wireless sensor networks, sensors with limited resources are distributed in a wide area. Localizing the sensors is an important problem. Anchor nodes with known positions are used for sensor localization. A simple and efficient way of generating anchor nodes is to use mobile anchors which have built-in GPS units. In this thesis, a single mobile anchor is used to traverse the region of interest to communicate with the sensor nodes and identify their positions. Therefore planning the best trajectory for th...
Citation Formats
B. Ozbey, H. V. DEMİR, Ö. Kurç, V. B. ERTÜRK, and A. ALTINTAŞ, “Wireless Sensing in Complex Electromagnetic Media: Construction Materials and Structural Monitoring,” IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, pp. 5545–5554, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/33279.