Cultural values and governance quality as correlates of road traffic fatalities: A nation level analysis

This study investigated the relationships between governance quality, cultural dimensions and road traffic fatality rates in a sample of 46 countries. Government quality was measured with six World Governance Indicators (WGI) published by World Bank, and the cultural factors included Hofstede's four cultural dimensions and seven Schwartz value dimensions. Both direct and moderator effects of the WGI on traffic fatality rates per million vehicles were found. Each of the six WGI scores correlated negatively with traffic fatalities indicating that the quality of governance and institutions contribute to traffic safety. Hofstede's "power distance" dimension and Schwartz value dimensions "embeddedness". "hierarchy" and "mastery" were positively and "intellectual autonomy" and "egalitarianism" negatively related to traffic fatalities. The WGI score moderated the effects of "hierarchy" and "mastery" on traffic fatalities so that in countries with low governance quality these cultural factors had stronger impact on traffic fatalities. It was concluded that improvement of the quality of governance and institutions would also result in improvement in traffic safety.


Personality and accident liability: are extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism related to traffic and occupational fatalities?
Lajunen, T (2001-12-01)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism, and road traffic fatalities in a data set of 34 nations. In addition to traffic fatalities per 100,000 vehicles, work-related fatalities were included in the study. Results showed that extraversion had a positive relation to the number of traffic fatalities whereas neuroticism correlated negatively with road fatalities. Occupational fatalities were strongly related to deaths on the roads but ...
Gender and age differences in risk taking behaviour in road traffic crashes
Bener, A.; Dafeeah, E.e.; Verjee, M.; Yousafzai, M.t.; Al-khatib, H.; Nema, N.; Mari, S.; Choi, M.k.; Özkan, Türker; Lajunen, T. (2013-11-20)
Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess drivers' gender and age related differences in the associations between high risk taking behaviour and Road Traffic Crashes in Qatar. Study Design: This is a cross sectional study. Subjects and Methods: A multistage stratified cluster sampling was performed. Of 2400 drivers aged 20 years and above approached, 1824 drivers agreed to participate in the survey (76%). The study was based on a face to face interview with a designed questionnaire including Driver Be...
Impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and accident involvement: A systematic review
BIÇAKSIZ, Pinar; Özkan, Türker (2016-04-01)
The present literature review study investigated the relationship between impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and road traffic accidents through the lenses of characterological perspective. The studies published from 1970 to 2014 that examined and reported a relationship between impulsivity and at least one driving related outcome (e.g., a self-report measure of driver behavior) were included. The relevant 38 out of 288 studies are presented in four sections based on the driving related outcomes as; ...
How are cultural dimensions and governance quality related to socioeconomic development?
Gaygısız Lajunen, Esma (Elsevier BV, 2013-12-01)
This study presents evidence about relations between national cultural dimensions, socioeconomic development and governance quality. Relations between Hofstede's dimensions, Schwartz cultural values, Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) and UNPD Human Development Index (HDI) were analysed by using correlations, multiple regression analysis, moderator and mediator analyses as well as path analyses. Correlation results showed that WGI, indulgence, harmony, affective and intellectual autonomy and egalitariani...
Cross-cultural differences in driving behaviours: A comparison of six countries
Özkan, Türker; Chliaoutakis, Joannes El.; PARKER, Dianne; SUMMALA, Heikki (2006-05-01)
The first aim of the present study was to investigate the applicability of the three-factor structure (aggressive violations, ordinary violations, and errors) of the Manchester Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) and then to compare these driving behaviours across the six countries (Finland, Great Britain, Greece, Iran, The Netherlands, and Turkey). The third aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of driving styles in the relationship between traffic cultures (countries) and the number of traffi...
Citation Formats
E. Gaygısız Lajunen, “Cultural values and governance quality as correlates of road traffic fatalities: A nation level analysis,” ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, pp. 1894–1901, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: