The Common Fears and Their Origins Among Turkish Children and Adolescents

Erdur Baker, Özgür
Bugay, Asli
The present study aimed to investigate the common fears and their origins among children and adolescents from different age, gender, and socioeconomic levels (SES). The sample was comprised of 642 females (48.8%) and 673 males (51.2%) with a total of 1,315 participants aged between 8 and 18 (M = 13.15; SD = 3.18). The Fear interview was utilised to examine the common fears and the role of conditioning, modelling and negative information in the development of children's fears. The result showed that the most common fear in Turkey was 'God', followed by 'losing my friends' and 'going to Hell'. In addition, the findings revealed that Turkish students are more likely to learn fears by modelling rather than negative information transmission and conditioning. The results also indicated that negative information transmission had a more intensifying effect on the children and adolescents' existing fear rather than modelling and conditioning. Furthermore, multinomial logistic regression was conducted to examine the effects of age, gender and SES on the origins of fear. Results showed that age and gender were significant predictors of origins of fear.


Examining Fears of Turkish Children and Adolescents with Regard to Age, Gender and Socioeconomic Status
ERDUR BAKER, ÖZGÜR; Erdur Baker, Özgür (2012-05-12)
The aim of this study is to examine the nature and severity of children and adolescents fears with regard to age, gender and socioeconomic status in Turkey. 1315 children and adolescents (642 females and 673 males) between the ages of 8 and 18 from low and middle socioeconomic status were administered Turkish version of Fear Survey Schedule for Children (Serim-Yildiz & Erdur-Baker, in press). Female children at age 8 coming from low socioeconomic status reported the highest fear scores for all fear factors,...
YILDIRIM, TAŞKIN; Caner, Sonay (2017-07-05)
This study was conducted to determine and classify the reasons for the fears and concerns that deteriorate students’ quality of life and identify the strategies they use to cope with them. The study population consisted of students in at least four-year long programs at a public University in Turkey during the 2013-2014 academic year. The sample included 403 participants. The participants were asked to answer three questions on a written document in this study, which was limited to findings obtained from ...
Nature, severity and origins of fears among children and adolescents with respect to age, gender and socioeconomic status
Serim, Begüm; Erdur Baker, Özgür; Department of Educational Sciences (2010)
The present study aimed to investigate the fears of female and male children and adolescents between the ages of 8 and 18 from different socioeconomic levels. Additionally, the origins of children’s and adolescents’ fears were examined. To reach the aims, the study was divided into two stages. In the first stage adaptation study of Fear Survey Schedule for Children-AM (Burnham, 1995) into Turkish was conducted. Two different samples were utilized in stage one. First sample was comprised of 355 participants ...
The Effects of Parental Attitudes and Mothers' Psychological Well-Being on the Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Their Preschool Children
Yurdusen, Sema; EROL, NEŞE; Gençöz, Tülin (2013-01-01)
The aim of the present study was to examine the association between emotional and behavioral problems in preschool children and maternal attitudes. The predictor variables were parental attitudes, maternal depression and anxiety symptoms. Our sample consisted of the mothers of 204 preschool children attending different preschools in Ankara, Turkey. Mothers were asked to complete the parental attitude research instrument, the beck depression inventory, the trait anxiety inventory, and the child-behavior chec...
The relationship between parenting style, gender and academic achievement with optimism among adolescents
Sarı Cenk, Derya; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz; Department of Educational Sciences (2008)
The present study aimed to investigate optimism level of adolescents’ aged between 14-18 and its relation with parenting style, gender, and academic achievement. The sample consisted of 1366 students (708 male, 645 female, and 13 missing value) who volunteered to participate in the study from Ümitköy Anatolian High School, Türk Telekom Anatolian Technical High School and 75. Yıl High School in Ankara. Life Orientation Test (Scheier & Carver, 1985) and Parental Attitude Scale (PAS; Lamborn, Mounts, Steinberg...
Citation Formats
B. SERIM-YILDIZ, Ö. Erdur Baker, and A. Bugay, “The Common Fears and Their Origins Among Turkish Children and Adolescents,” BEHAVIOUR CHANGE, pp. 199–209, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: