The relationship between parenting style, gender and academic achievement with optimism among adolescents

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2008
Sarı Cenk, Derya
The present study aimed to investigate optimism level of adolescents’ aged between 14-18 and its relation with parenting style, gender, and academic achievement. The sample consisted of 1366 students (708 male, 645 female, and 13 missing value) who volunteered to participate in the study from Ümitköy Anatolian High School, Türk Telekom Anatolian Technical High School and 75. Yıl High School in Ankara. Life Orientation Test (Scheier & Carver, 1985) and Parental Attitude Scale (PAS; Lamborn, Mounts, Steinberg, Dornbusch, 1991) were used as the data collection instruments. The results of one way and two way ANOVA indicated that the main effect of parenting style and academic achievement on optimism level of adolescents was found significant. The results yielded that the main effect for gender, the gender and parenting style interaction effect and the academic achievement and parenting style interaction effect was not significant. Optimism levels of high achiever adolescents were found higher than low achiever adolescents’. The results revealed significant differences in optimism scores of the adolescents as a function of four parenting styles. In other words, the results of this study showed that the adolescents who perceived their parents as authoritative had a relatively higher level of optimism than those who perceived their parents as authoritarian and neglectful. Results also indicated that the adolescents who characterize their parents as permissive had a relatively higher level of optimism than those who characterize their parents as neglectful and authoritarian.

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Citation Formats
D. Sarı Cenk, “The relationship between parenting style, gender and academic achievement with optimism among adolescents,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.