Wireless Measurement of Elastic and Plastic Deformation by a Metamaterial-Based Sensor

Ozbey, Burak
DEMİR, Hilmi Volkan
Kurç, Özgür
We report remote strain and displacement measurement during elastic and plastic deformation using a metamaterial-based wireless and passive sensor. The sensor is made of a comb-like nested split ring resonator (NSRR) probe operating in the near-field of an antenna, which functions as both the transmitter and the receiver. The NSRR probe is fixed on a standard steel reinforcing bar (rebar), and its frequency response is monitored telemetrically by a network analyzer connected to the antenna across the whole stress-strain curve. This wireless measurement includes both the elastic and plastic region deformation together for the first time, where wired technologies, like strain gauges, typically fail to capture. The experiments are further repeated in the presence of a concrete block between the antenna and the probe, and it is shown that the sensing system is capable of functioning through the concrete. The comparison of the wireless sensor measurement with those undertaken using strain gauges and extensometers reveals that the sensor is able to measure both the average strain and the relative displacement on the rebar as a result of the applied force in a considerably accurate way. The performance of the sensor is tested for different types of misalignments that can possibly occur due to the acting force. These results indicate that the metamaterial-based sensor holds great promise for its accurate, robust and wireless measurement of the elastic and plastic deformation of a rebar, providing beneficial information for remote structural health monitoring and post-earthquake damage assessment.


Wireless Displacement Sensing Enabled by Metamaterial Probes for Remote Structural Health Monitoring
Ozbey, Burak; Unal, Emre; Ertugrul, Hatice; Kurç, Özgür; Puttlitz, Christian M.; ERTÜRK, VAKUR BEHÇET; ALTINTAŞ, AYHAN; DEMİR, Hilmi Volkan (2014-01-01)
We propose and demonstrate a wireless, passive, metamaterial-based sensor that allows for remotely monitoring submicron displacements over millimeter ranges. The sensor comprises a probe made of multiple nested split ring resonators (NSRRs) in a double-comb architecture coupled to an external antenna in its near-field. In operation, the sensor detects displacement of a structure onto which the NSRR probe is attached by telemetrically tracking the shift in its local frequency peaks. Owing to the NSRR's near-...
Multi-Point Single-Antenna Sensing Enabled by Wireless Nested Split-Ring Resonator Sensors
Ozbey, Burak; ERTÜRK, VAKUR BEHÇET; Kurç, Özgür; ALTINTAŞ, AYHAN; DEMİR, Hilmi Volkan (2016-11-01)
In this paper, simultaneous multi-point wireless sensing is proposed and demonstrated via multiple sensors in nested split-ring resonator (NSRR) geometry coupled to a single illuminator antenna. In this passive multi-point sensing system, each probe in the sensor array is assigned a non-overlapping spectral interval for frequency shift in response to local mechanical loading around a unique operating resonance frequency in the band of the antenna. Here, it is shown that the antenna is capable of capturing t...
Wireless Sensing in Complex Electromagnetic Media: Construction Materials and Structural Monitoring
Ozbey, Burak; DEMİR, Hilmi Volkan; Kurç, Özgür; ERTÜRK, VAKUR BEHÇET; ALTINTAŞ, AYHAN (2015-10-01)
In this paper, wireless sensing in the presence of complex electromagnetic media created by combinations of reinforcing bars and concrete is investigated. The wireless displacement sensing system, primarily designed for use in structural health monitoring (SHM), is composed of a comb-like nested split-ring resonator (NSRR) probe and a transceiver antenna. Although each complex medium scenario is predicted to have a detrimental effect on sensing in principle, it is demonstrated that the proposed sensor geome...
Implementation of a perfect metamaterial absorber into multi-functional sensor applications
Perfect metamaterial absorber (MA)-based sensor applications are presented and investigated tigated in the microwave frequency range. It is also experimentally analyzed and tested to verify the behavior of the MA. Suggested perfect MA -based sensor has a simple configuration which introduces flexibility to sense the dielectric properties of a material and the pressure of the medium. The investigated applications include pressure and density sensing. Besides, numerical simulations verify that the suggested s...
Wearable battery-less wireless sensor network with electromagnetic energy harvesting system
Chamanian, Salar; Ulusan, Hasan; Zorlu, Ozge; Baghaee, Sajjad; Uysal, Elif; Külah, Haluk (2016-10-01)
This paper presents a battery-less wireless sensor network (WSN) equipped with electromagnetic (EM) energy harvesters and sensor nodes with adjustable time-interval based on stored the energy. A wearable EM energy harvesting system is developed and optimized to power-up a typical wireless sensor mote from body motion. This is realized through characterization of the body motion and design of a compact EM energy harvester according to vibration frequencies generated during human running and walking. The harv...
Citation Formats
B. Ozbey, H. V. DEMİR, Ö. Kurç, V. B. ERTÜRK, and A. ALTINTAŞ, “Wireless Measurement of Elastic and Plastic Deformation by a Metamaterial-Based Sensor,” SENSORS, pp. 19609–19621, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/35040.