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Facile synthesis of heavily-substituted alkynylpyridines via a Sonogashira approach

Kelgokmen, Yılmaz
Zora, Metin
A facile and efficient synthetic route to densely substituted alkynylpyridines via a Sonogashira approach is reported. When treated with terminal alkynes in the presence of 5 mol% PdCl2(PPh3)(2), 5 mol% CuI and excess Et3N in DMF at 65 degrees C, iodopyridines underwent Sonogashira coupling to afford alkynyl-substituted pyridines in good to excellent yields. The coupling reaction has been found to be general for a wide range of iodopyridines and terminal alkynes, and tolerated the presence of aliphatic, aromatic, heteroaromatic and ferrocenyl groups with electron-withdrawing and electron-donating substituents. This coupling approach could allow for the rapid construction of a library of functionalized alkynylpyridines of pharmacological interest.