Synthesis of new donor-acceptor polymers containing thiadiazoloquinoxaline and pyrazinoquinoxaline moieties: low-band gap, high optical contrast, and almost black colored materials

Unver, Elif Kose
Tarkuc, Simge
BARAN, Derya
Tanyeli, Cihangir
Toppare, Levent Kamil
Two low band gap conjugated polymers, poly[4,9-bis(4-hexylthien-2-yl)-6,7-di(thien-2-yl)-[1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-g]quinoxaline] (PHTTQ) and poly[5,10-bis(4-hexylthien-2-yl)-2,3,7,8-tetra(thien-2-yl)pyrazino[2,3-g]quinoxaline] (PHTPQ), consisting of alternating electron-rich 3-hexylthiophene and electron-deficient 6,7-di(thien-2-yl)-[1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-g]quinoxaline (TTQ) and 2,3,7,8-tetra(thien-2-yl)-2,3-dihydropyrazino[2,3-g]quinoxaline (TPQ) units were synthesized electrochemically. The structures of the pi-conjugated monomers were tailored using thiophene as the pendant group on the acceptor units (TTQ and TPQ). The electrochemical and optical properties of the polymers were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy. The absorption spectra of PHTPQ revealing a 1.0 eV band gap, exhibited three maxima at 352 nm, 535 nm, and 750 nm. Consequently, its absorption spectra cover the region between 400 and 800 nm, which make the polymer almost black in appearance. PHTTQ shows lambda(max) value of 820 nm and a band gap of 0.8 eV which is very low among other [1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-g]quinoxaline-containing donor-acceptor type polymers.


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Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı; Akhmedov, IM; Sesenoglu, O (Elsevier BV, 2002-12-02)
2-(2-Bromoallyl)-1,3-dicarbonyl compounds are converted into beta-enamino, beta-hydrazino esters and ketones, followed by base-promoted cyclization, leading to the formation of the corresponding 1,2,3,5-tetrasubstituted pyrroles. 1,2,4- and 1,2,3,4-Substituted pyrroles are also isolated as minor products. Starting from the 2-(2-bromoallyl)-cyclohexane-1,3-dione the corresponding tetrahydro indolone is prepared in good yield.
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Zora, Metin; Acikalin, S (Elsevier BV, 2003-03-03)
A squarate-based synthesis of ferrocenyl quinones is described. Thermolysis of ferrocenyl-substituted cyclobutenones, prepared from ferrocenyl cyclobutenediones and alkenyllithiums, affords hydroquinones, which furnish, upon oxidation, ferrocenyl quinones. Ferrocenyl cyclobutenediones have been prepared from known cyclo butenediones by nucleophilic addition of ferrocenyllithium followed by hydrolysis, Pd/Cu-cocatalyzed cross-coupling with (tri-n-butylstannyl)ferrocene or Friedel-Crafts alkylation with ferro...
Synthesis of chiral acetoxy lactones via the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of cyclic aromatic acetoxy ketones
Demir, Ayhan Sıtkı; Aybey, Asuman (Elsevier BV, 2008-12-01)
The alpha-acetoxylation of indanones and tetralones by using Mn(OAc)(3) followed by the enzyme catalyzed kinetic resolution of acetoxy ketones furnished both of the enantiomers of alpha-acetoxy ketones in good chemical and optical yields. The Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of alpha-acetoxy ketones with m-CPBA, CF(3)SO(3)H, and CH(2)O(2), at rt gives the corresponding lactones without racemization. The acetoxy ketone moiety migrates selectively in order to form lactones. The mild hydrolysis of lactones affords ph...
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(+)-beta-Hydroxymethylenecamphor 1 and enamines 2a-e were transformed into chiral camphor-based pyridine derivatives 3a-e via a tandem condensation reaction in good yields.
Synthesis of the possible carcinogenic dihydrodiol and diol epoxide of phthalazine
Ozer, G; Saracoglu, N; Menzek, A; Balcı, Metin (Elsevier BV, 2005-02-07)
Inverse-Diels-Alder reaction of dimethyl 1,2,4,5 -tetrazine-3,6-dicarboxylate with benzene cis-diol gave dihydrodiol coninini 2 the 1,4-dihydropyridazine ring. Attempts at oxidation of the dihydropyridazine ring with PIFA and MnO2, resulted in the formation of 5- and 5,6-dihydroxy-phthalazine derivatives. The oxidation of the dihydropyfidazine ring was achieved by way of photooxygenation. The phthalazine type dihydrodiol is unstable and easily undergoes aromatization. The Diels-Alder reaction of tetrazine w...
Citation Formats
E. K. Unver, S. Tarkuc, D. BARAN, C. Tanyeli, and L. K. Toppare, “Synthesis of new donor-acceptor polymers containing thiadiazoloquinoxaline and pyrazinoquinoxaline moieties: low-band gap, high optical contrast, and almost black colored materials,” TETRAHEDRON LETTERS, pp. 2725–2729, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: