Effects of microcompounding process parameters on the properties of ABS/polyamide-6 blends based nanocomposites

Oezkoc, Gueralp
Bayram, Göknur
Quaedflieg, Martin
Melt intercalation method was applied to produce acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene/polyamide-6 (ABS/ PA6) blends based organoclay nanocomposites using a conical twin-screw microcompounder. The blend was compatibilized using a maleated olefinic copolymer. The effects of microcompounding conditions such as screw speed, screw rotation-mode (co- or counter-), and material parameters such as blend composition and clay loading level on the morphology of the blends, dispersibility of nanoparticles, and mechanical properties were investigated. Furthermore, corotating screws were modified to achieve elongational flow which is efficient for obtaining dispersive mixing. The morphology was examined by SEM analysis after preferential extraction of the minor phase. Subsequently, the SEM micrographs were quantitatively analyzed using image analyzer software. The morphology of the blends indicated that processing with counter-rotation at a given screw speed yielded coarser morphology than that of processed with corotation. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that highest level of exfoliation is observed with increasing PA6 content, at 200 rpm of screw speed and in corotation mode. Also, the effects of screw speed, screw rotation mode, and screw modification were discussed in terms of XRD responses of the nanocomposites. The aspect ratio of the clay particles which were measured by performing image analysis on TEM micrographs exhibited a variation with processing conditions and they are in accordance with the modulus of the nanocomposites. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Effects of olefin-based compatibilizers on the morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of ABS/polyamide-6 blends
Ozkoc, Guralp; Bayram, Göknur; Bayramli, Erdal (Wiley, 2007-04-15)
In this study, commercially available epoxidized and maleated olefinic copolymers, EMA-GMA (ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate) and EnBACO-MAH (ethylene-n butyl acrylate-carbon monoxide-maleic anhydride), were used at 0, 5, and 10% by weight to compatibilize the blend composed of ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) terpolymer and PA6 (polyamide 6). Compatibilizing performance of these two olefinic polymers was investigated from blend morphologies, thermal and mechanical properties as a functio...
Effect of surface treatment on electrical conductivity of carbon black filled conductive polymer composites
Koysuren, Ozcan; Yesil, Sertan; Bayram, Göknur (Wiley, 2007-06-05)
Two different types of surface modifiers, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane and formamide, were applied to carbon black (CB) particles to lower electrical resistivity of polymer composites prepared by treated CB. Two different matrices, low-density polyethylene and nylon 6, were chosen to compound with surface modified CB. Surface energy of CB was increased by adding amine or amide functional groups during surface treatment of CB. According to electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), chemical modifica...
Effect of composite preparation techniques on electrical and mechanical properties and morphology of nylon 6 based conductive polymer composites
Koysuren, Ozcan; Yesil, Sertan; Bayram, Göknur (Wiley, 2006-11-05)
Nylon 6/carbon black conductive composites were prepared using two different methods, masterbatch dilution and melt mixing. Their effect on the size and distribution of carbon black agglomerates in the matrix was studied in terms of electrical and mechanical properties and morphology. The electrical resistivity of composites prepared by both methods decreased with increasing filler composition. The electrical resistivity of the diluted masterbatch composites and the melt mixed composites was reduced from th...
Effects of glass substrate coated by different-content buffer layer on the quality of poly-Si thin films
Karaman, Mehmet; ÖZMEN, ÖZGE TÜZÜN; Sedani, Salar Habibpur; Ozkol, Engin; Turan, Raşit (Wiley, 2016-12-01)
In this work, polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) thin films were fabricated by aluminum induced crystallization (AIC) technique. SiNx, deposited as a function of NH3/SiH4 ratio, and AZO (Al-doped ZnO) films on glass were used as a buffer layer between glass and Si film. The effect of buffer layer content on the crystallinity of poly-Si thin films was studied by Raman analysis which shows that fully crystallization without stress was achieved for all samples. Moreover, the preferred crystalline orientation an...
Effect of ZnO type and concentration on the mophology, thermal, and mechanical properties of poly(ether ester)/ZnO composites
ÇELEBİ, HANDE; Bayram, Göknur; DOĞAN, AYDIN (Wiley, 2013-09-15)
Poly(ether ester) (PEE) copolymers were synthesized in a two-stage process involving transesterification and polycondensation. The synthesized copolymer and the zinc oxide (ZnO) were used in composite preparation by melt compounding. The influence of ZnO type and concentration on the morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of the composites were studied. DSC and XRD analyses indicated that crystallinity of composites was slightly reduced with ZnO content. Homogeneous dispersion of fillers in the polym...
Citation Formats
G. Oezkoc, G. Bayram, and M. Quaedflieg, “Effects of microcompounding process parameters on the properties of ABS/polyamide-6 blends based nanocomposites,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 3058–3070, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/36754.