An investigation of incidental vocabulary acquisition in relation to learner proficiency level and word frequency

Tekmen, E. Anne Ferrell
Daloğlu, Ayşegül
This study examined the relationship between learners' incidental vocabulary acquisition and their level of proficiency, and between acquisition and word frequency in a text. Participants were Turkish learners of English at three proficiency levels. One reading text and four vocabulary tests were administered over a two-week period. Analyses of the data revealed that lexical gains from reading were significant for each group (p < .05). The higher proficiency groups were able to acquire more words than lower level groups. Word frequency in the text was also a significant factor in vocabulary acquisition (p < .05), with 29% of the variance in acquisition being accounted for by frequency. However, frequency did not play a greater role in the vocabulary acquisition of lower level learners than in that of higher level learners.


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An investigation of incidental vocabulary acquisition in relation to learner proficiency level and word frequency
Tekmen, Elisabeth Anne Ferrell; Daloğlu, Ayşegül; Department of English Language Teaching (2003)
Research into vocabulary acquisition in recent years has found that incidental learning represents an important component of acquiring a second language lexicon. However, it is not yet clear how learner proficiency level or frequency of a word in a text affect incidental acquisition. This study examines the relationship between learners' acquisition of vocabulary through reading and their level of proficiency, and between acquisition and the frequency of words in a text. The subject group was comprised of 9...
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Citation Formats
E. A. F. Tekmen and A. Daloğlu, “An investigation of incidental vocabulary acquisition in relation to learner proficiency level and word frequency,” FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANNALS, pp. 220–243, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: