R&D support programs in developing countries: The Turkish experience

Oezcelik, Emre
Taymaz, Erol
In this study, the determinants of private R&D investment are examined at the level of firms in the Turkish manufacturing industry. We focus our attention on the effect of public R&D support programs. Our findings indicate that public R&D support significantly and positively affects private R&D investment. There seems to be even an "acceleration effect" on firm-financed R&D expenditures. Smaller R&D performers benefit more from R&D support and perform more R&D. In addition, technology transfer from abroad and domestic R&D activity show up as complementary processes. Given the scarcity of studies on R&D support in technologically weaker economies, our hope is that the less-developed countries can exploit these findings in constructing socially beneficial technology policies.


Robust portfolio planning in the presence of market anomalies
Oguzsoy, Cemal Berk; Güven, Sibel (Elsevier BV, 2007-02-01)
In this study, a short-term portfolio modeling formulation is developed using existing anomalies as a single determinant for daily Istanbul Stock Exchange National 100 Composite Index (ISE) and US dollars (USD) returns in a Robust optimization (RO) framework. Using anomalies in planning within an RO framework establishes a balance between risk seeking and risk averse behaviors, as generating profit from anomalies is risky and RO enables to settle down the extreme risk seeking behavior. Applications of the m...
Flexibility analysis: a methodology and a case study
Kahyaoglu, Y; Kayaligil, S; Buzacott, JA (Informa UK Limited, 2002-11-10)
A methodology for analysing manufacturing flexibility is proposed. A real-life case is discussed to demonstrate the proposed methodology. The case involves the grinding operations of an engine manufacturer. As an integral part of the methodology, statistical analyses using response surface methodology are carried out. Potential applications of the proposed methodology are discussed. Planning models and flexibility measure used are outlined in the appendices.
Trust types, distrust, and performance outcomes in small business relationships: the pharmacy-drug warehouse case
Sengun, Ayse Elif; Wasti Pamuksuz, Syeda Nazlı (Informa UK Limited, 2011-01-01)
This study attempts to investigate the linkage among trust types, distrust, and relationship performance outcomes in the context of long-term supply agreement-type alliances between small business dyads. The results suggest a significant positive relationship among goodwill trust and risk-taking tendency, cooperation, satisfaction, and conflict resolution and a negative relationship between goodwill trust and transaction costs. Competence trust is found to have a positive relationship with cooperation, conf...
A Lagrangean relaxation based approach for the capacity allocation problem in flexible manufacturing systems
ÖZPEYNİRCİ, SELİN; Azizoğlu, Meral (Informa UK Limited, 2010-05-01)
This study considers the operation assignment and capacity allocation problem in flexible manufacturing systems. A set of operations is selected to be processed and assigned to the machines together with their required tools. The purchase or usage of the required tools incurs a cost. The machines have scarce time and tool magazine capacities. The objective is to maximize the total weight of the assigned operations minus the total tooling costs. We use Lagrangean relaxation approach to obtain upper and lower...
Rebalancing the assembly lines with total squared workload and total replacement distance objectives
Girit, Utku; Azizoğlu, Meral (Informa UK Limited, 2020-01-01)
Assembly line balancing is an important and well recognised operations research problem. The current line balance may not stay optimal, even feasible, due to the disruptions in one or more workstations. In this study, after the disruption, we aim to rebalance the assembly line by considering the trade-off between workload balancing (fairness measure) and total replacement distance for the tasks assigned to the different workstations (stability measure). We try to generate all non-dominated objective functio...
Citation Formats
E. Oezcelik and E. Taymaz, “R&D support programs in developing countries: The Turkish experience,” RESEARCH POLICY, pp. 258–275, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/37811.