Effects of anaerobic digestion enhanced by ultrasound pretreatment on the fuel properties of municipal sludge

In this study, effects of ultrasound pretreatment on combustion characteristics and elemental composition of municipal sludge were examined for energy-based evaluation of sludge pretreatment. Waste activated sludge (WAS) from a municipal wastewater treatment plant was pretreated with ultrasound at varying durations and was subjected to anaerobic digestion in a biochemical methane potential (BMP) assay. Changes in gas production rates, calorific value (CV), elemental compositions, and ash contents of sludge samples were examined to assess the effects of pretreatment and digestion. Sonication at 0.73 W/mL enhanced gas production by 28%. Moreover, volatile solids (VS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals increased from 41 to 45% and 33 to 37%, respectively. Following anaerobic digestion, CVs of samples decreased by about 18%. Sonicated samples exhibited a higher decrease. In order to quantify the change in overall energy content, total solids (TS) reduction was also taken into account. Loss was magnified as both CV and the amount of TS that would provide the overall energy were reduced. This loss was 38% for the control group and 41% for the 15 min sonicated sludge. Digestion decreased the C content of sludge by about 20% and H content by 50% due to biogas production. Ash content increased relatively as some of the combustible solids were lost due to digestion. Experimental results indicate that if sludge is to be combusted, digestion with or without ultrasound pretreatment may be disadvantageous if the aim is to maximize energy gain from sludge.


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Although selected heavy metals (HMs) stimulate biological reactions at low concentrations, all HMs are toxic to microorganisms (MOs) at moderate concentrations and can cause inhibitory effects on the biological processes. Therefore, MOs must be acclimated to HMs or other toxic substances present in wastewaters (WWs) before they are used in an activated sludge process (ASP). In this study, combined effect of Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions in a synthetic WW on the efficiency of a laboratory- scale ASP without recycle was...
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This study aimed to investigate the compound effect of environmentally relevant 4-nonylphenol (NP) concentrations and natural stressors-namely fish predation and food availability-on Daphnia magna, which were exposed to four NP concentrations (0, 1, 5 and 10 mu g l(-1)) under optimum or low food concentrations (1.00 and 0.075 mg C l(-1), respectively) in water (un)conditioned by a fish predator (Alburnus alburnus). A(n) "environmentally relevant" and "no observable effect" concentration (NOEC) of NP (10 mu ...
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Effect of continuous feeding of a reactive azo dye, reactive orange 107, and its hydrolyzed form (HRO107), on a conventional anaerobic digester was investigated in this study together with observation of change in microbial community. Laboratory-scale digesters were fed with waste activated sludge and azo dye for 575 days continuously. The influent concentrations of reactive azo dye were between 200 and 3200 mg/L. The digester performance was not adversely affected by azo dye and its reduction metabolites t...
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Information on the mechanism of metal ion inhibition of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase is limited. The purpose of the present paper was to elucidate in vitro effect of Hg(+2), Cd(+2), Ni(+2), Cr(+3) and Zn(+2) ions on the purified mullet NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase. NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase was purified from detergent-solubilized liver microsomes from leaping mullet (Liza saliens). All of the metal ions caused inhibition of the enzyme activity except Zn(+2). At 50 mu M metal concentration, Hg(+2...
Citation Formats
E. B. Çelebi, A. Aksoy, and F. D. Sanin, “Effects of anaerobic digestion enhanced by ultrasound pretreatment on the fuel properties of municipal sludge,” ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, pp. 17350–17358, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/37861.