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Interfacial Strength in Short Glass Fiber Reinforced Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene/Polyamide 6 Blends

Isitman, Nihat Ali
Aykol, Muratahan
Ozkoc, Guralp
Bayram, Göknur
Kaynak, Cevdet
The purpose of this study is to derive the apparent interfacial shear strength of short glass fiber reinforced acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene/polyamide 6 (PA6) blends with different PA6 contents. Tensile stress-strain curves and fiber length distributions are utilized within a continuum micromechanics approach which involves a unified parameter for fiber length distribution efficiency represented as a function of strain. The unique combination of predicted micromechanical parameters is capable of accurately reproducing the mechanical response of the composite to applied strain. In this way, the influence of PA6 on interfacial zone is revealed by outcomes of the predictive method and validated by scanning electron microscopy observations. Favored intermolecular interactions in presence of PA6 chains result in the formation of a PA6 sheathing layer on glass fiber surfaces which in turn causes a drop in the apparent interfacial shear strength. The reason behind is shown to be the shift of the fracture zone from fiber/matrix interface to sheathing layer/matrix interphase. POLYM. COMPOS., 31:392-398, 2010. (C) 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers