Mechanical Performance of Resol Type Phenolic Resin/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites

2009-03-01
Tasan, C. Cem
Kaynak, Cevdet
Clay addition has been shown to affect polymer resins positively in terms of several physical and chemical properties, including mechanical performance, high temperature endurance and durability. These increases are limited only to relatively low concentrations of reinforcement phase, but at these low concentrations polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites (P/LS NC) have shown to exhibit higher mechanical performance than fiber reinforced polymer composites. This is among the several reasons that make P/LS NC's one of the most widely studied class of materials today. In this study, the mechanical performance of resol type phenolic resin/layered silicate nanocomposite specimens was examined by carrying out 3-point bending, Charpy impact and fracture toughness tests to couple the observations, microstructural analysis is done through X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The effects of especially three factors; cure method, clay amount, and clay modification were investigated. It was concluded that highest mechanical performance was obtained by the acid curing of the phenolic resin with very low amounts (e.g., 0.5%) of either very hydrophobic or very hydrophilic Na-montmorillonite clay additions. Improvements as high as 7% in flexural strength, 11% in flexural strain at break, 16% in Charpy impact strength, and 66% in fracture toughness values were obtained. POLYM. COMPOS., 30:343-350, 2009. (C) 2008 Society of Plastics Engineers
POLYMER COMPOSITES

Suggestions

Influence of Zinc Oxide on Thermoplastic Elastomer-Based Composites: Synthesis, Processing, Structural, and Thermal Characterization
ÇELEBİ, HANDE; Bayram, Göknur; DOĞAN, AYDIN (Wiley, 2016-08-01)
It was aimed to investigate how thermal conductivity and stability properties of synthesized thermoplastic elastomers were influenced by zinc oxide (ZnO) additives which differed in size and surface treatment. ZnO particles were prepared by the homogeneous precipitation method by mixing aqueous solutions of hexamethylenetetramine (HMT) and zinc nitrate. The obtained particles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Poly(v...
Mechanical properties of soft liner-poly(methyl methacrylate)-based denture material
Usanmaz, Ali; Latifoglu, MA; Dogan, A; Akkas, N; Yetmez, M (Wiley, 2002-07-18)
In this study, the mechanical properties of two different permanent soft lining materials and their bonding to poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) were compared. Both of the soft liners were heat-cured commercial materials. The polymerization was carried out by conventional methods suggested by manufacturer, and the curing was done at the temperature of boiling water for 5, 15, 25, and 35 min. The sample groups were tested in the computer-aided tensile-testing machine at a rate of 2 mm/min. The slow rate helps...
Dynamic mechanical properties of dental base material reinforced with glass fiber
Karacaer, O; Dogan, A; Dogan, OM; Usanmaz, Ali (Wiley, 2002-08-22)
Dynamic mechanical properties of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) reinforced with glass fibers were investigated. The composite used as dental base material contained other additives for different purposes to give the same appearance as natural dentals. The fiber-polymer bonding and orientation of fibers in polymer matrix are very important in the application of the product. To see that, the fibers were treated with silane and compared with untreated fibers. The commercial polymer and monomer used were the ...
Flow induced polymer-filler interactions: Bound polymer properties and bound polymer-free polymer phase separation and subsequent phase inversion during mixing
Akay, G. (Wiley, 1990-11)
The irreversible absorption of macromolecules on to solid filler particles during mixing in the melt is investigated. The molecular weight and concentration dependence of the absorbed layer thickness are evaluated and the chemical and morphological nature of the irreversibly absorbed polymer (bound polymer) are determined. It is found that the thickness of the bound polymer is not only dependent on the filler concentration but also dependent on polymer molecular weight. Bound polymer in high density polyeth...
Thermal degradation of poly(allyl methacrylate) by mass spectroscopy and TGA
Vardareli, Tugba Kantav; Keskin, Selda; Usanmaz, Ali (Informa UK Limited, 2006-10-01)
Allyl methacrylate, AMA was polymerized in CCl4 solution by alpha,alpha'-azoisobutyronitrile at 50 degrees C. The thermal degradation mechanism of PAMA was characterized by MS, TGA-FT-IR and FT-IR-ATR methods. The mass spectrum and TGA thermogram showed two stage degradation. The first stage of degradation was mostly linkage type degradation for the fragmentation of pendant allyl groups at 225 - 350 degrees C. In the second stage, at 395 - 515 degrees C, the degradation is random scission and depolymerizati...
Citation Formats
C. C. Tasan and C. Kaynak, “Mechanical Performance of Resol Type Phenolic Resin/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites,” POLYMER COMPOSITES, pp. 343–350, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/47873.