Implementation of the European Union's Nitrates Directive in Turkey

Yetiş, Ülkü
Valatka, Simonas
Girgin, Serkan
Semeniene, Daiva
Kerestecioglu, Merih
Jacobsen, Micheal
The European Union (EU)'s Nitrates Directive (ND) (91/676/EEC) aims to reduce water pollution caused or induced by nitrates from agricultural sources and to prevent further such pollution. Turkey being a candidate country to EU requires heavy cost investments in achieving approximation with EU Environmental Acquis. This study provides a description of the technical measures and investment cost assessment related to the implementation of the ND in Turkey. As Turkey has not yet designated nitrate vulnerable zones (NVZs) according to requirements of the EU's ND, three scenarios were developed to estimate the capital investments needed for implementation of the ND. Based on the developed scenarios, the low-cost scenario designating eight provinces as NVZs and requiring a total investment of EUR 270 millions for the period 2007-2023 has been selected by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry within the EU Integrated Environmental Approximation Strategy for Turkey.


Hazardous waste management in Turkey: current legislative requirements and future challenges
YIGIT, Cisem; MADEN, Gulnur; DISA, Nur; YILMAZ, Ozge; OGUTVERİCİ, Abdullah; Alp, Emre; Ünlü, Kahraman; Gokcay, Celal F.; Dilek, Filiz Bengü; DOĞAN, Ozgur; Karanfil, Tanju; Yetiş, Ülkü (Informa UK Limited, 2011-02-01)
Turkey being a candidate country to European Union (EU) is in need of achieving approximation with EU Environmental Acquis including the Hazardous Waste Management. Alignment with the Waste Framework Directive (2006/12/EC) is already accomplished and the Hazardous Waste Directive (HWD) (91/689/EEC) has been almost fully transposed into National Legislation. Yet, there are still some discrepancies regarding the provisions needed for the EU's reporting requirements. This study aims at providing a detailed des...
Hazardous waste generation in Turkish pesticide industry
Babuna, Fatma Fatoş; Toröz, İsmail; AVŞAR, EDİP; Yetiş, Ülkü (Informa UK Limited, 2016-11-01)
The aim of this study is to assess the contribution of pesticide industry to the total amount of hazardous waste generation in Turkey. Pesticide active ingredients, namely methamidophos, humic acid, copper sulphate production facilities and powder, granule and liquid pesticide formulation plants were covered. For pesticide synthesis sector values ranging from 7 to 56kg of hazardous waste generation per ton of active ingredient produced were obtained. On the other hand, 45-80kg of hazardous waste generation ...
Development of a methodology for identification and control of the chemicals of the greatest concern: Yeşilirmak River Basin case study
Küçük, Elif; Yetiş, Ükü; Department of Environmental Engineering (2018)
The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) (2000/60/EC) aims to achieve good water status of surface water and groundwaters. For the purpose of evaluating chemical status, the Member States are required to monitor 45 priority substances in water bodies. To ensure good ecological status, the WFD requires the Member States to identify “river basin specific pollutants” and establish the environmental quality standards for these pollutants. In accordance with the WFD, main objectives of this study are to find out t...
Anaerobic co-digestion of sewage sludge and primary clarifier skimmings for increased biogas production
Alanya, S.; Yılmazel Tokel, Yasemin Dilşad; Park, C.; Willis, J. L.; Keaney, J.; Kohl, P. M.; Hunt, J. A.; Duran, M. (IWA Publishing, 2013-01-01)
The objective of the study was to identify the impact of co-digesting clarifier skimmings on the overall methane generation from the treatment plant and additional energy value of the increased methane production. Biogas production from co-digesting clarifier skimmings and sewage sludge in pilot-scale fed-batch mesophilic anaerobic digesters has been evaluated. The digester was fed with increasing quantities of clarifier skimmings loads: 1.5, 2.6, 3.5 and 7.0 g COD equivalent/(L.d) (COD: chemical oxygen dem...
Challenging tin toxicity by a novel strain isolated from freshwaters
Cerit, Semih; YILMAZ, Fadime; İçgen, Bülent (Informa UK Limited, 2015-03-20)
The first major challenge for the bioremediation field is to select the most promising types of biomass. Hence, the objective of this study was to isolate and identify a novel species which has the potential to remediate tin in freshwaters. For this reason, a bacterium designated as Sn11, with 59 mu g ml(-1) maximum tolerable concentration of tin was isolated selectively from the freshwater samples collected along the river Kirikkale-Kizilirmak, Turkey. Identification of the isolate was done using biochemic...
Citation Formats
Ü. Yetiş, S. Valatka, S. Girgin, D. Semeniene, M. Kerestecioglu, and M. Jacobsen, “Implementation of the European Union’s Nitrates Directive in Turkey,” DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, pp. 4171–4182, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: