Mericarp micromorphology and anatomy of Salvia hedgeana Donmez, S. huberi Hedge and S. rosifolia Sm. (section Salvia Hedge, Lamiaceae)

Kahraman, Ahmet
Doğan, Musa
Mericarp (nutlet) micromorphology and pericarp structure of three morphologically similar endemic Salvia species; Salvia hedgeana, S. huberi and S. rosifolia were investigated using LM, SEM and TEM. Salvia hedgeana has larger mericarps and abscission scars than S. huberi and S. rosifolia. Mericarp length to width ratio ranges from 1.11 in S. hedgeana to 1.60 in S. huberi. Mericarp shape is mainly ovoid, rarely broadly ovoid in S. hedgeana, and oblong in S. huberi. The mericarp surface sculpturing pattern in all species is colliculate. However, exocarp cells are pentangular-hexangular in S. hedgeana, irregular in S. huberi and rounded and smaller in S. rosifolia. In Salvia huberi anticlinal walls are undulate whereas in S. hedgeana and S. rosifolia anticlinal walls are straight. Salvia hedgeana was distinguished from the others by the thickest pericarp (146-185 mu m). The sclerenchymatous region significantly varied between the species. It was 84-99 mu m in S. hedgeana, 56-82 mu m in S. huberi and 27-61 mu m in S. rosifolia. The mesocarp was also thicker in S. hedgeana. The wetted mericarps produced mucilage, but S. huberi differed from the others in having translucent-milky white opaque mucilage with fibres or radiating cordons.


Illitization of Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous K-bentonites from Western Pontides, NW Turkey: Implications for their origin and age
BOZKAYA, ÖMER; Günal Türkmenoğlu, Asuman; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Unluce, Ozge; Yılmaz, İsmail Ömer; Schroeder, Paul A. (2016-12-01)
K-bentonite (tephra) layers are exposed as thin beds within Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous carbonates of the Yilanh formation at four different locations in northwestern, Turkey. Clays separated from K-bentonites in the Gavurpman, Yilanh Burnu (Barth) and Cimsir Cukurlari (Sapca) quarries and the highway tunnel section near Zonguldak were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, optical, scanning and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The clay mineral...
Seasonal variability of the Caspian Sea three-dimensional circulation, sea level and air-sea interaction
Ibrayev, R. A; Ozsoy, E; Schrum, C.; Sur, H. I. (Copernicus GmbH, 2010-3-3)
<jats:p>Abstract. A three-dimensional primitive equation model including sea ice thermodynamics and air-sea interaction is used to study seasonal circulation and water mass variability in the Caspian Sea under the influence of realistic mass, momentum and heat fluxes. River discharges, precipitation, radiation and wind stress are seasonally specified in the model, based on available data sets. The evaporation rate, sensible and latent heat fluxes at the sea surface are computed interactively through an atmo...
C-13- and P-31-NMR study of tetracarbonylbis(diphenylphosphino)alkanemetal(0) complexes of the group 6 elements
Ozer, Z; Özkar, Saim (1999-01-01)
Tetracarbonylbis(diphenylphosphino)alkanemetal(0) complexes of the general formula M(CO)(4)[(C-6 H-5)(2) P (CH2)(n) P(C6H5)(2)] (M: Cr, Mo, W; n: 1, 2, 3) were synthesized from the reaction of M(CO)(4) (eta(2:2)-1,5-cyclooctadiene) with the appropriate ligand and characterized by means of IR and NMR (C-13 and P-31) spectroscopy Spectroscopic data shows that two phosphorus atoms in the complexes are identical and occupy two cis-coordiantion sites in a pseudo-octahedral coordination sphere of the metal. The c...
Biotransformation of Nonylphenol Diethoxylate in anaerobic digesters: Accumulation of metabolites and their effects on digester performance
Murdoch, Fadime Kara; Sanin, Faika Dilek (Elsevier BV, 2016-05-01)
Nonylphenol(poly)ethoxylates (NPnEOs) have caused great concern over the last few decades due to their lipophilic, hydrophobic, and toxic properties. NPnEOs can be degraded to a certain extent in wastewater treatment plants; however since they accumulate in sludge, understanding their influence on digester performance and their fate become important, especially in regards to land application of biosolids. In this respect, the biotransformation of nonylphenol diethoxylate (NP2EO), an accumulative metabolite ...
Beta-casein A1/A2, kappa-casein and beta-lactoglobulin polymorphisms in Turkish cattle breeds
Dinc, H.; Ozkan, E.; Koban, E.; Togan, I. (Copernicus GmbH, 2013-10-10)
<jats:p>Abstract. In this study, the genetic diversity of three milk protein genes namely beta-casein, kappacasein and beta-lactoglobulin was estimated in Turkish cattle breeds. Based on these genes, breeds in Turkey have been grouped as: 1) Eastern Anatolian Red, Anatolian Black and Southern Anatolian Red and 2) Turkish Grey, Turkish Holstein and Holstein Candidate Bulls. B alleles of the three studied genes, which were reported to be positively related with cheese yield and quality, seemed to be low-inter...
Citation Formats
H. N. BÜYÜKKARTAL, A. Kahraman, H. ÇÖLGEÇEN, M. Doğan, and E. KARABACAK, “Mericarp micromorphology and anatomy of Salvia hedgeana Donmez, S. huberi Hedge and S. rosifolia Sm. (section Salvia Hedge, Lamiaceae),” ACTA BOTANICA CROATICA, pp. 65–80, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: