Agreement and the structure of relative clauses

Arsenijevic, Boban
Gracanın Yüksek, Martına
The paper proposes an account of asymmetries in agreement patterns that obtain in restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses headed by hybrid agreement nouns d(j)eca 'children', braca 'brothers', and gospoda 'gentry' in Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (BCS). We note that relative clauses headed by hybrid nouns display different possibilities of agreement morphology on the relative pronoun koji/a/e 'which', depending, on the one hand, on whether the relative clause is restrictive or non-restrictive and on the other, on the case of the relative pronoun. We argue that the observed differences are the result of a conspiracy of the following factors: (i) hybrid number-agreement nouns introduce a null plural pronoun unspecified for gender (Postal 1966; den Dikken 2001; Torrego and Laga 2015), (ii) all plural case forms of the relative pronoun except for nominative and accusative show full gender syncretism (Alsina and Arsenijevic 2012b), and (iii) non-restrictive relative clauses involve a null definite pronoun and attach to the head noun higher than the restrictive relative clauses (Postal 1994; de Vries 2002; 2006). We maintain that the facts discussed in the paper argue against analyses which derive the differences between restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses from their LF representations, rather than from their overt syntax.


Multiple (coordinated) (free) relatives
Citko, Barbara; Gracanın Yüksek, Martına (2016-05-01)
Building on the existing crosslinguistic research on wh-questions with coordinated wh-pronouns, in this paper we turn to relative clauses and examine the effects of coordination on the grammaticality of relative clauses with multiple relative pronouns. We first discuss a general restriction on relativization, which bans multiple relativization from a single clause. We attribute this restriction to either a syntactic violation (impossible promotion of the head) or a semantic violation (semantic mismatch betw...
Incremental processing in head-final child language: online comprehension of relative clauses in Turkish-speaking children and adults
Özge, Duygu; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz (2015-10-21)
The present study investigates the parsing of pre-nominal relative clauses (RCs) in children for the first time with a real-time methodology that reveals moment-to-moment processing patterns as the sentence unfolds. A self-paced listening experiment with Turkish-speaking children (aged 5-8) and adults showed that both groups display a sign of processing cost both in subject and object RCs at different points through the flow of the utterance when integrating the cues that are uninformative (i.e., ambiguous ...
Compliance mechanisms under multilateral environmental agreements a comparative analysis of Montreal and Kyoto protocols
Savaşan, Zerrin; Güneş, Şule Anlar; Department of International Relations (2013)
The main aim of this study is to make a detailed examination on one of the fundamental concerns of global environmental governance, compliance issue, within the context of the compliance mechanisms (CMs) created under the multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). In this respect, in the study, it is basicly scrutinized what the role of the CMs is in ensuring better compliance of the parties with their commitments under the MEAs. In the framework of this examination, a comparative analysis is made betwee...
Enforcement of intellectual property rights in a general framework and evaluation of enforcement measures in the EU context
Coşkun, Asu; Aşçıoğlu Öz, Gamze; Department of European Studies (2006)
This thesis analyzes the enforcement measures for the protection of intellectual property rights in an international and regional framework. The challenges posed by the digital technology; the difficulties faced by right holders, judiciary, public agencies, international and regional organizations in the implementation stages will be discussed by referring to the legal texts such as the TRIPS Agreement, the EU Enforcement Directive and Regulations. All dimensions of counterfeiting and piracy will constitute...
Processing of conditional constructions in Turkish l2 speakers of English
Evcen, Ebru; Özge, Duygu; Department of English Language Teaching (2019)
This thesis aims to examine whether Turkish L2 learners of English process conditional constructions in an incremental and/or predictive manner. An offline grammaticality judgment (GJT) task was devised to test L2 learners’ sensitivity to grammatical violations and an online self-paced reading (SPR) task was designed to find out whether processing patterns of L2 learners would match existing L2 processing accounts. We manipulated the Connector Type (unless, unless…not, if…not) and Context Type (congruent, i...
Citation Formats
B. Arsenijevic and M. Gracanın Yüksek, “Agreement and the structure of relative clauses,” GLOSSA-A JOURNAL OF GENERAL LINGUISTICS, pp. 0–0, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: