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Chemoenzymatic route to various spirocyclic compounds based on enantiomerically enriched tertiary allylic, homoallylic, and homopropargylic alcohols

2014-04-30
Tanyeli, Cihangir
Ozdemirhan, Devrim
A ring closing metathesis (RCM) reaction of dienes and an intramolecular Pauson-Khand (PKR) reaction of enynes derived from tertiary allyl, homoallyl, and homopropargyl alcohol backbones to afford the corresponding spirocyclic dihydrofuran and dihydropyrans and spirocyclic cyclopentenone pyrans, respectively, are described. Cyclopent-2-ene anchored tertiary allyl, homoallyl, and homopropargyl alcohols la-c have been efficiently resolved via enzymatic resolution with high ee (up to 90%) with 44%, 40%, and 43% chemical yields, respectively. Moreover, the cyclohex-2-ene anchored tertiary allyl, homoallyl, and homopropargyl alcohols 3a-c have also been resolved in the same manner with high ee (up to 97%) and in 42%, 45%, and 49% chemical yields. Enantiomerically enriched dienes derived from tertiary homoallyl alcohols yield the corresponding enantiomerically enriched spirocyclic dihydropyran derivatives via RCM with 74% and 78% chemical yields and with 90% and 97% ee, respectively. Moreover, enantiomerically enriched enynes derived from tertiary homoallyl alcohols afford the corresponding enantiomerically enriched cyclopentenone pyrans with spirocyclic motifs via PKR with 80% and 81% chemical yields, respectively, and as single diastereomers. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.