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How can we improve foodborne disease surveillance systems: A comparison through EU and US systems

Foodborne diseases remain a major threat to global public health. Problems in detecting the threats at early stages in the supply chain due to defects in surveillance systems cannot be ignored. The primary goal of this article is to evaluate the capabilities of foodborne disease surveillance systems known for their effectiveness and functionality in order to highlight solutions for preventing and managing the outbreaks more effectively. For this purpose, early detection, notification and monitoring systems of the European Union (EU) and the United States were compared in terms of capability gaps and critical needs via an in-depth examination of two standout outbreaks.