Applicability of the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Residual Stresses in the Carburized and Tempered 19CrNi5H Steels

Gür, Cemil Hakan
There exist no materials and/or structures of technical importance without residual stresses. The residual stress management concept has gained importance in industrial applications aiming to improve service performance and useful life of the product. Thus, the industry requests rapid, reliable, and nondestructive methods to determine residual stress state. The aim of this article is to investigate the applicability of the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise (MBN) method to measurement of surface residual stresses in the carburized steels. To comprehend the differences in the surface residual stress state, 19CrNi5H steel samples were carburized at 900 degrees C for 8 and 13 hours, and then, tempered in the range of 180 degrees C and 600 degrees C. The MBN measurement results were correlated with those obtained by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. Microstructural investigations and hardness measurements were also conducted. For this particular study, it was concluded that both techniques give similar qualitative results for monitoring of the residual stress variations in the carburized and tempered steels. Since the MBN method is much faster than the XRD method, from the industrial point of view it is a very strong candidate for qualitative monitoring of residual stress variations. With an appropriate pre-calibration by considering the effect of microstructure, the MBN method may give reliable quantitative results for residual stress.


Evaluation of the Predictive Models for Stiffness, Strength, and Deformation Capacity of RC Frames with Masonry Infill Walls
Turgay, Tahsin; Durmus, Meril Cigdem; Binici, Barış; Ozcebe, Guney (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014-10-01)
Buildings with masonry infill walls (MIWs) in reinforced concrete (RC) frames are commonly used all around the world. It is well known that infill walls may affect the strength, stiffness, and displacement ductility of the structural system. Different approaches have been adopted in different codes and guidelines to consider the stiffness and strength contribution of MIWs on RC frame behavior. This study compares the ability of the existing guidelines to estimate stiffness, strength, and deformability of RC...
A study of phase stability and mechanical properties of hydroxylapatite-nanosize alpha-alumina composites
Evis, Zafer (Elsevier BV, 2007-04-01)
Hydroxylapatite (HA)-nanosize alumina composites were synthesized to study their phase stability and mechanical properties. To make these composites, nanosize alpha-Al2O3 powder was used because of its better sinterability and densification as compared to nanosize gamma-Al2O3. The composites were air sintered without pressure and hot pressed in vacuum at 1100 degrees C and 1200 degrees C. In the composites, HA decomposed to tricalcium phosphate faster after the air sintering than hot pressing. Moreover, hex...
Ideal Location of Intermediate Ring Stiffeners on Discretely Supported Cylindrical Shells
Topkaya, Cem (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014-04-01)
Silos in the form of a cylindrical metal shell are commonly elevated to provide access to the space beneath, permitting the contained materials to be directly discharged. A few discrete column supports at evenly spaced intervals are commonly used. However, the structural design of discretely supported cylindrical shells presents a variety of challenges. The presence of discrete supports results in circumferential nonuniformity in the axial compressive stress as well as a progressive vertical decay above the...
Efficient fabrication of ultrafine-grained 316L stainless steel surfaces for orthopaedic applications
Tufan, Yiğithan; Efe, Mert; Ercan, Batur (Informa UK Limited, 2019-10-13)
Commonly used severe plastic deformation (SPD) methods are suitable for fabrication of bulk nano and ultrafine-grained metals. Drawbacks of these methods include durability of dies, geometrical restrictions and reduced ductility of the products. In this study, two common machining techniques used in manufacturing of orthopaedic components, turning and milling, were applied on 316L stainless steel as surface SPD to refine the surface microstructures of the workpiece. Machining with optimised parameters resul...
Overlapping Lattice Modeling for concrete fracture simulations using sequentially linear analysis
Aydın, Beyazıt Bestami; Tuncay, Kağan; Binici, Barış (Wiley, 2018-04-01)
Modeling concrete fracture is important in order to uncover accurately the sources of distress which lead to the damage or failure of structures. Many different numerical approaches have been used in the past employing either a smeared or a discrete cracking approach. Those models have difficulty in capturing the local nature of cracking, as well as the direction of crack propagation. Lattice modeling and peridynamics (PD) are some of the more recent nonlocal fracture simulation tools which possess advantag...
Citation Formats
H. HIZLI and C. H. Gür, “Applicability of the Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Residual Stresses in the Carburized and Tempered 19CrNi5H Steels,” RESEARCH IN NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION, pp. 221–236, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: