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Injury recovery of foodborne pathogens in high hydrostatic pressure treated milk during storage

Bozoglu, Faruk
Alpas, Hami
Kaletunç, Gönül
Bacteria are expected to be injured or killed by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP). This depends on pressure levels, species and strain of the microorganism and subsequent storage. Injured bacteria may be repaired which could affect the microbiological quality of foodstuffs with an important safety consideration especially in low acid food products. In this Study two Gram-positive (Listeria monocytogenes CA and Staphylococcus aureus 485) and two Gram-negative (Escherichia coli O157:H7 933 and Salmonella enteritidis FDA) relatively pressure resistant strains of foodborne pathogens were pressurized at 350, 450 and 550 MPa in milk (pH 6.65) and stored at 4, 22 and 30degreesC. The results of shelf life studies indicated two types of injury, I I and 12, for all the pathogens Studied. It is obvious that 12 type injury is a major injury and after its repair (12 to I I), the cells can form colonies on non-selective but not on selective agar. The formation of colonies on both selective and non-selective agar occurs Only after full recovery Of injury (11 to AC). The results presented in this study show that even if injured cells are not detected immediately after HHP treatment, 12 type injury could be potentially present in the food system. Therefore, it is imperative that shelf life Studies must be conducted over a period of time for potential repair of 12 type injury either to detectable injury (11) or to active cells (AC) to ascertain microbiological safety of low acid food products.