Productivity Analyses in Fermentations with Three Different Biolarvacides

Özçelik, Hayriye
The development of insecticides resistance among many insect species and the ecological damage occasionally caused by the lack of specificity in the toxic effects of insecticides have provided the impetus to seek alternative methods of insect control. This observation led to the development of bioinsecticides based on the insecticidal action Bacillus sphaericus (Bs), Bacillus turingiensis (Bt). The discovery of biolarvicidal actions of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus sphaericus opened a new perspective for insect control. In the first part of the study was initiated to determine a suitable fermentation medium formulation and optimal fermentation conditions for large scale, low cost production of Bs. Bs 2362 was tested in whey and soy flour based media. These media was reformulized form of NYSM (Nutrient Broth Yeast Extract Sporulation Medium). Soy flour based medium, SYSM, gave the promising results in terms of cell yield, sporulation frequency and toxin production. In the second part of the study, fermentation productivity anlaysis of a local isolate Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki 81 was evaluated. In order to compare different C:N ratios (1:1, 2:1, 4:1, 8:1, 10:1 20:1 and 30:1) of YSM medium. Btk 81 were run for 72 h and cell growth, sporulation and toxin protein profile of Btk 81 were determined for each. When all the quantitative toxin data for both glucose and sucrose varying C:N ratios were compared, it was determined that the crystal protein concentrations had the highest value in sucrose based medium when C:N ratio was 10:1. Regulation by C:N ratio of crystal protein biosynthesis was investigated for improving the production of this protein by our third candidate strain Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis ONR60. The experiments were performed by using TBL medium, at three different C:N ratios, 2:1, 4:1 and 8:1 respectively. In view of the


Cloning of chitinase a gene (chiA) from serratia marcescens Bn10 and its expression in coleoptera-specific bacillus thuringiensis
Okay, Sezer; Özcengiz, Gülay; Department of Biology (2005)
Chitinases have been shown to be potential agents for biological control of the plant diseases caused by various phytopathogenic fungi and insect pests, because fungal cell walls and insect exoskeletons contain chitin as a major structural component. Chitinase has also been found to increase the efficacy and potency of Bacillus thuringiensis crystal (Cry) proteins toxic to larvae of insect pests. The reason of this synergy is the presence of chitin in the structure of the outer membrane of larval midgut. In...
Characterisation of local isolates of Enterobacteriaceae from Turkey
İçgen, Bülent; Gültekin, Güzin Candan; Özcengiz, Gülay (Elsevier BV, 2002-01-01)
20 local isolates of enterics belonging to the genera Salmonella, Enterobacter Proteus, Citrobacter from human, chicken and/or egg were characterised for their antibiotic resistance patterns, plasmid profiles, phage types, outer membrane proteins, and lipopolysaccharide patterns. Relatedness of these characteristics for epidemiological analysis was assessed. 18 (90%) strains were resistant to at least one antibiotic and those (multi-drug resistant ones) resisting to two or more antibiotics constituted 50% o...
Antimicrobial aptamers for detection and inhibition of microbial pathogen growth
Ozalp, Veli Cengiz; Bilecen, Kivanc; Kavruk, Murat; Öktem, Hüseyin Avni (Future Medicine Ltd, 2013-03-01)
Discovery of alternative sources of antimicrobial agents are essential in the ongoing battle against microbial pathogens. Legislative and scientific challenges considerably hinder the discovery and use of new antimicrobial drugs, and new approaches are in urgent demand. On the other hand, rapid, specific and sensitive detection of airborne pathogens is becoming increasingly critical for public health. In this respect affinity oligonucleotides, aptamers, provide unique opportunities for the development of na...
Targeted disruption of homoserine dehydrogenase gene in Streptomyces clavuligerus and its effects on cephamycin C production
Çaydaşı (Koca), Ayşe; Özcengiz, Gülay; Department of Biology (2006)
The members of the genus Streptomyces are well-known for their capacity to synthesize a vast repertoire of secondary metabolites, including many useful antibiotics and proteins. Streptomyces clavuligerus is the producer of the medically important β-lactam antibiotics such as cephamycin C and the potent β-lactamase inhibitor clavulanic acid. The aspartate pathway of S. clavuligerus is an important primary metabolic pathway providing substrates for β-lactam synthesis. This pathway uses L-aspartic acid as the ...
High hydrostatic pressure induced inactivation kinetics of e. coli o157:h7 and s. aureus in carrot juice and analysis of cell volume change
Pilavtepe, Mutlu; Alpas, Hami; Department of Food Engineering (2007)
The main objective of this study was to determine the pressure induced inactivation mechanism of pressure-resistant Escherichia coli O157:H7 933 and Staphylococcus aureus 485 in a low acid food. Firstly, inactivation curves of pathogens were obtained at 200 to 400 MPa at 40ºC in peptone water and carrot juice. First-order and Weibull models were fitted and Weibull model described the inactivation curves of both pathogens more accurately than first-order model, revealing that food systems could exhibit eithe...
Citation Formats
H. Özçelik, “Productivity Analyses in Fermentations with Three Different Biolarvacides,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.