Verb concepts from affordances

Kalkan, Sinan
Yuerueten, Onur
Borghi, Anna M.
Şahin, Erol
In this paper, we investigate how the interactions of a robot with its environment can be used to create concepts that are typically represented by verbs in language. Towards this end, we utilize the notion of affordances to argue that verbs typically refer to the generation of a specific type of effect rather than a specific type of action. Then, we show how a robot can form these concepts through interactions with the environment and how humans can use these concepts to ease their communication with the robots. We demonstrate that iCub, a humanoid robot, can use the concepts, which it has developed, to to understand what a human performs, perform multi-step planning for reaching a goal state as well as to specify a goal to the robot using symbolic descriptions.


Integrating Spatial Concepts into a Probabilistic Concept Web
Celikkanat, Hande; Şahin, Erol; Kalkan, Sinan (2015-07-31)
In this paper, we study the learning and representation of grounded spatial concepts in a probabilistic concept web that connects them with other noun, adjective, and verb concepts. Specifically, we focus on the prepositional spatial concepts, such as "on", "below", "left", "right", "in front of" and "behind". In our prior work (Celikkanat et al., 2015), inspired from the distributed highly-connected conceptual representation in human brain, we proposed using Markov Random Field for modeling a concept web o...
Formation of adjective, noun and verb concepts through affordances
Yürüten, Onur; Kalkan, Sinan; Şahin, Erol; Department of Computer Engineering (2012)
In this thesis, we study the development of linguistic concepts (corresponding to a subset of nouns, verbs and adjectives) on a humanoid robot. To accomplish this goal, we use affordances, a notion first proposed by J.J. Gibson to describe the action possibilities offered to an agent by the environment. Using the affordances formalization framework of Sahin et al., we have implemented a learning system on a humanoid robot and obtained the required data from the sensorimotor experiences of the robot. The sys...
Language practice with multimedia supported web-based grammar revision material
Baturay, Meltem Huri; Daloğlu, Ayşegül; Yıldırım, İbrahim Soner (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2010-09-01)
The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of elementary-level English language learners towards web-based, multimedia-annotated grammar learning. WEBGRAM, a system designed to provide supplementary web-based grammar revision material, uses audio-visual aids to enrich the contextual presentation of grammar and allows learners to revise target grammatical structures using interactive exercises such as gap-filling, combo-box and drag-and-drop exercises. This study gathered quantitative data on l...
The use of verbal morphology in Turkish as a third language: The case of Russian-English-Turkish trilinguals
Antonova-Unlu, Elena; Sağın Şimşek, Sultan Çiğdem (SAGE Publications, 2015-06-01)
Aims and Objectives: Several studies suggest that third language acquisition (TLA) is marked with complex patterns of language interaction. However, it is not clear yet to what extent multilinguals activate each of their background languages in TLA, as various factors may trigger the activation of one of the previously learnt languages. This study aims to contribute to the discussion by examining the use of verbal morphology in third language (L3) Turkish of Russian-English-Turkish trilinguals. We investiga...
Language learning from the perspective of nonlinear dynamic systems
Hohenberger, Annette Edeltraud; Peltzer-Karpf, Annemarie (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2009-01-01)
This article outlines a nonlinear dynamic systems approach to language learning on the basis of developmental cognitive neuroscience. Language learning, on this view, is a process of experience-dependent shaping and selection of broadly defined domain-general and domain-specific genetic predispositions. The central concept of development is (neuro) cognitive,e growth in terms of self-organization. Linguistic structure-building is synergetic and emergent insofar as the acquisition of a critical mass of eleme...
Citation Formats
S. Kalkan, O. Yuerueten, A. M. Borghi, and E. Şahin, “Verb concepts from affordances,” INTERACTION STUDIES, pp. 1–37, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: