CO2 emissions vs. CO2 responsibility: An input-output approach for the Turkish economy

Download
2007-02-01
Recently, global warming (greenhouse effect) and its effects have become one of the hottest topics in the world agenda. There have been several international attempts to reduce the negative effects of global warming. The Kyoto Protocol can be cited as the most important agreement which tries to limit the countries' emissions within a time horizon. For this reason, it becomes important to calculate the greenhouse gas emissions of countries. The aim of this study is to estimate the amount Of CO2-the most important greenhouse gas-emissions, for the Turkish economy. An extended input-output model is estimated by using 1996 data in order to identify the sources Of CO2 emissions and to discuss the share of sectors in total emission. Besides, 'CO2 responsibility', which takes into account the CO2 content of imports, is estimated for the Turkish economy. The sectoral CO2 emissions and CO2 responsibilities are compared and these two notions are linked to foreign trade volume. One of the main conclusions is that the manufacturing industry has the first place in both of the rankings for CO2 emissions and CO2 responsibilities, while agriculture and husbandry has the last place.

Suggestions

Forecasting production of fossil fuel sources in Turkey using a comparative regression and ARIMA model
Ediger, Volkan S.; Akar, Sertac; Ugurlu, Berkin (Elsevier BV, 2006-12-01)
This study aims at forecasting the most possible curve for domestic fossil fuel production of Turkey to help policy makers to develop policy implications for rapidly growing dependency problem on imported fossil fuels. The fossil fuel dependency problem is international in scope and context and Turkey is a typical example for emerging energy markets of the developing world. We developed a decision support system for forecasting fossil fuel production by applying a regression, ARIMA and SARIMA method to the ...
Climate Change Effects on Runoff, Catchment Phosphorus Loading and Lake Ecological State, and Potential Adaptations
Jeppesen, Erik; Kronvang, Brian; Meerhoff, Mariana; Sondergaard, Martin; Hansen, Kristina M.; Andersen, Hans E.; Lauridsen, Torben L.; Liboriussen, Lone; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Ozen, Arda; Olesen, Jorgen E. (Wiley, 2009-09-01)
Climate change may have profound effects on phosphorus (P) transport in streams and on take eutrophication. Phosphorus loading from land to streams is expected to increase in northern temperate coastal regions due to higher winter rainfall and to a decline in warm temperate and and climates. Model results suggest a 3.3 to 16.5% increase within the next 100 yr in the P loading of Danish streams depending on soil type and region. In takes, higher eutrophication can be expected, reinforced by temperature-media...
An associational study on pre-service early childhood teachers' nature relatedness in education for sustainability
Şahin, Elvan (Informa UK Limited, 2019-10-02)
There is significant global concern with current environmental problems, yet people's behaviour towards the environment has been resistant to change. Young people have the opportunity to bring about desirable changes through environmental behaviours and attitudes. The goal of this study is to better understand the scope of nature relatedness as an attribution interacting with pro-environmental behaviours for Turkish pre-service early childhood teachers. We examined the associations between the domains repre...
CO2 utilisation by photocatalytic conversion to methane and methanol
Üner, Deniz; İpek Torun, Bahar (Inderscience Publishers, 2011-01-01)
In this paper we intend to give a broad overview of natural and artificial photosynthesis systems. We point out seven orders of magnitude difference of the rates of water splitting between natural and state of the art artificial photosynthesis in favour of natural photosynthesis. We reviewed the open literature for photocatalytic water splitting, CO2 reduction and suggested routes for improvements in the low yields.
Greenhouse effect reduction by recovering energy from waste landfills in Pakistan
Zuberi, M. Jibran S.; Ali, Shazia F.;( Abstracts: Landfills all around the world are one of the major sources that contribute towards global warming and climate change. Although landfilling should be prioritized last in the waste management hierarchy due to highest greenhouse gas emissions as compared to other waste management systems it is still very common around the world. In this study, methane emissions are estimated by applying First Order Decay model to landfills in Pakistan over the latest data available by Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency. Results demonstrate that nearly 14.18 Gg of methane is emitted from the landfills in Pakistan each year. By combusting this methane in the form of biogas collected from the landfills as a waste management scheme we can reduce greenhouse effect up to similar to 88%. Same percentage is observed when we apply the similar analysis over the potentially improved practice. Also, Pakistan is facing severe economic crises due to continuous increasing gap between energy demand and supply. Demand is increasing exponentially while supply is observed to remain constant over the last few years due to frozen capacity in spite of having significant renewable/alternate energy resources. Current electricity shortfall has reached up to 6000 MW. Present operational landfills in Pakistan can only contribute up to similar to 0.1% to cater the total deficit which does not make any significant difference but if 75% of the total waste generated today is collected and 50% of it landfilled then Pakistan has the potential to produce similar to 83.17 MW of power that can contribute up to 1.4% to overcome the current power shortage. The outcomes of this paper may also be applicable to other developing countries having similar resources. ; 2015-04-01)
Landfills all around the world are one of the major sources that contribute towards global warming and climate change. Although landfilling should be prioritized last in the waste management hierarchy due to highest greenhouse gas emissions as compared to other waste management systems it is still very common around the world. In this study, methane emissions are estimated by applying First Order Decay model to landfills in Pakistan over the latest data available by Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency....
Citation Formats
G. İ. Tunç and E. Akbostancı Özkazanç, “CO2 emissions vs. CO2 responsibility: An input-output approach for the Turkish economy,” ENERGY POLICY, pp. 855–868, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42928.