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Urban regeneration: enabling social sustainability in historical quarters via adaptive reuse: case of Gaziantep historical quarter

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2019
Döner, Esin Duygu.
Urban regeneration in historical sites is widely performed in these days. However, not only in the context of Turkey, but also in the most of urban areas from the world, the concept of social sustainability in regeneration practices has been ignored intentionally or unintentionally. The community who live in historical sites cannot provide their maintenance in the region by the reasons of only conservation and regeneration initiatives of tangible values of the area are performed, and conservation and adaptation to current conditions of intangible values which constitute manner of life with the identity, belonging and sense of place cannot be provided. In this context, the aim of this study is to establish a general framework with its objectives, processes and strategies on adaptive reuse as a solution tool for social sustainability in urban regeneration processes and to discuss this framework through the results of the practices on the Gaziantep Historical Quarter. In the study, firstly, social sustainability concept in urban regeneration context and the problem definition on why it is deficient in regeneration practices are clarified, then theoretical framework on adaptive reuse concept, its position in urban regeneration context and its relationship with the concept of social sustainability are provided as a solution. Adaptive reuse practices are dominant in the cases which in building scale, street scale and neighborhood scale; and adaptive reuse in these scales in Turkish and worldwide literature are examined, and the results of all three scales and their findings on social sustainability are investigated. These findings and strategies to ensure social sustainability through adaptive reuse from the literature are constituted an assessment tool in holistic perspective. This assessment tool is being tested on adaptive reuse practices applied in Gaziantep Historical Quarter. Monumental Gaziantep Castle in building scale, Culture Route in street scale and Bey Neighborhood and Kepenek Neighborhood in neighborhood scale which is a fundamental urban planning unit to examine social sustainability are investigated via assessment tool respectively. According to the results of this study, the applicability of the new assessment tools constructed with controllable strategies in terms of social sustainability is discussed and the applicability of these instruments for future practices is determined.