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Defining new political tools for municipal solid waste management of ankara metropolitan municipalitiy after revision of metropolitan municipality law in 2014

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2019
İnce, Ali Emir.
By the date of March 30th of 2014, law no 6360 has come into force that extends the responsibilities of Metropolitan Municipalities to the provincial administrative boundaries. This extension creates new responsibilities for Metropolitan Municipalities regarding environmental services including solid waste management. The aim of this study is (a) to develop new political tools that Metropolitan Municipalities will need to fulfill their obligations under this new law in the area of solid waste management, and (b) to consider possible alternative solid waste management scenarios. In this context, a solid waste management system model was established for Ankara Metropolitan Municipality and four different solid waste management scenarios were examined on this model. Scenario-1 considers the management system, which was in force before the new law. Scenario-2 considers the establishment of a transfer station to every peripheral district, Scenario-3 considers the establishment of a sanitary landfill to every peripheral district and Scenario-4 considers the establishment of sanitary landfills for grouped peripheral districts. The scenarios were analyzed economically and the costs that would occur for 20 years were compared over the net present value. Within the concept of sustainable development, Scenario-4 was selected as the best that brings the responsibilities of the Law No. 6360. In order to implement the selected solid waste management scenario, the policy instruments needed by the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality were developed.