Hide/Show Apps

Interplay of parental involvement, school belonging, peer social support, and self-esteem in resilience of adolescents from low socioeconomic districts

2019
Gülen, Özden Sevi
The aim of the current study is to investigate the role of individual factor (self-esteem) as mediator on the relationship among parental factor (perceived parental acceptance/involvement), environmental factors (perceived peer social support, and sense of school belonging) and resilience in adolescents from low socioeconomic districts. The sample of the study was composed of 1312 high school students (673 female, 639 male) between 13-19 age ranges (M = 15.67, SD = 1.18). Demographic Information Form, 14-Item Resilience Scale, Parental Attitude Scale, Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale, Social Support Appraisals Scale for Children and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used to gather data. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test hypothesized resilience model. The results of SEM indicated that resilience was positively predicted from perceived parental acceptance/involvement, perceived peer social support, and sense of school belonging. Self-esteem was also found to predict resilience significantly and positively. In addition, self-esteem partially mediated the association between perceived parental acceptance/involvement, perceived peer social support, sense of school belonging and resilience. The results of the study showed that the proposed model explained 33% of the variance in the resilience of adolescents. Consequently, the findings supported significance of individual, parental, and environmental variables in adolescents’ resilience.