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Effect of low-energy electron irradiation on (Bi, Pb)-2212 superconductors

Ogun, SE
Goktas, H
Ozkan, H
Hasanlı, Nızamı
The effect of low-energy electron irradiation on the properties of the Bi-based superconductors is studied. Two sets of polycrystalline (Bi, Pb)-2212 samples were synthesized by heating the appropriate mixtures of powders at 840 degrees C for 100 h, then quenched or furnace cooled to room temperature. The samples were irradiated by low-energy (1-10 keV), pulsed (20 ns) electron beam up to a dose of 6.2 x 10(15) cm(-2). X- ray diffraction patterns, resistance-temperature behaviours, critical currents, and micrographs of the samples were examined before and after the irradiation. For the quenched samples, the normal state resistance increases and the T-c drastically decreases with electron irradiation. For the furnace-cooled samples, T-c first improves by about 15 degrees C up to a dose of 1.7 x 10(15) cm(-2), then drops down with further irradiation. At high levels of doses, the super conducting parameters degrade or vanish due to the increased resistance of the samples. We propose that the electron irradiation causes ionizations that may alter the oxygen and hole concentrations as well as the pining centers and the links between the grains leading the changes reported here. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.