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The Role of spatial designer in the prestigious housing projects: the case of Ankara

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2019
Arslanoğlu, Umut
There are fundamental changes in the production of space within the framework of the new conditions provided by the economy, culture and technology throughout the world. Construction sector gained prominent position in Turkey since the end of the 20th century. With the increase in the number of institutions authorized to approve the planning decisions and the urban planning approach transformed, cities are not managed in line with long-term programs; but, they are started to be shaped by the speculative supply of the market and the demand-oriented urban policies for the reproduction of capital through piecemeal urban projects. As a result of the economic and political developments, housing production, which is the most active field of the construction sector in the urban space, has not only provided a different form of housing to the people, but also revealed a new social life with all the social and economic features. Rather than satisfying a specific need, living spaces of the social structure which is in constant consumption with the search for new products or services are the outcome of the production processes in which many actors take part in sense. The thesis intends to understand, evaluate and interpret spatial design and thus the position and potential of the designer within the very dynamics of the consumer society. vi For this purpose, three popular mixed-use housing projects in Ankara, developed in the recent years, have been discussed and actual housing production processes are analyzed from the initial phase of the work. In order to make sense of space production processes and to provide a critical perspective to the actual process, a series of interviews were carried out with the actors from different professions involved in the formation of space with a specific focus on the ways of manipulation of the market preferences by design and the ways of manipulating the produced space were revealed. Keywords: consumer society, production of space, space, design processes, design actors.As a result of the economic and political developments, housing production, which is the most active field of the construction sector in the urban space, has not only provided a different form of housing to the people, but also revealed a new social life with all the social and economic features. Rather than satisfying a specific need, living spaces of the social structure which is in constant consumption with the search for new products or services are the outcome of the production processes in which many actors take part in sense. The thesis intends to understand, evaluate and interpret spatial design and thus the position and potential of the designer within the very dynamics of the consumer society.For this purpose, three popular mixed-use housing projects in Ankara, developed in the recent years, have been discussed and actual housing production processes are analyzed from the initial phase of the work. In order to make sense of space production processes and to provide a critical perspective to the actual process, a series of interviews were carried out with the actors from different professions involved in the formation of space with a specific focus on the ways of manipulation of the market preferences by design and the ways of manipulating the produced space were revealed.