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Construction techniques and building processes of traditional timber frame Arhavi houses

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2019
İlhan, Tolga
Traditional Eastern Black Sea region house is a regional subgroup of Ottoman traditional house heritage. Traditional Eastern Black Sea region house differentiates from its counterparts as a response to regional conditions such as; climatic conditions, topography, and availability of resources. They show unique qualities in terms of stone and wood workmanship and represent a regional architectural culture which is formed on a harsh topography and rich flora. Arhavi’s traditional timber frame houses represent this uniqueness and architectural culture in their technique, details and architectural elements. This study aims to gather detailed information on the original construction technique of historical Arhavi houses to understand their original construction process for the conservation of this tradition. For this, the buildings were surveyed with the help of on-site drawings, laser scans, photographs, and visual data. All collected information was evaluated and the qualities and characteristics of the Arhavi traditional houses were identified. These qualities are documented with drawings and visuals in various details to illustrate techniques and architectural features. A hypothetical story of the construction process of a traditional house was written with the gathered data. The hierarchy of the techniques used in the buildings and transitions between the systems grouped together to evaluate the relation between the surveyed structures.