An Investigation of sāṃkhyakārikā: the history and philosophical problems of sāṃkhya darsana

Sancar, Öncü Irmak
In this thesis, Samkhyakarika, which is one of the most important texts of the Indian Philosophy, is analyzed. Moreover, it is argued that Samkhya Philosophy could be examined within the framework of Hadot’s observations and comments on philosophical tradition of Ancient Greek and Roma. Firstly, the main lines of the philosophical-spiritual tradition of Ancient Greek and Roma are shared with the findings and analysis of Hadot. Hadot thinks that Ancient Greek philosophy provides a way of life to the person. Thus, the philosophical discourse guides the person to reach her best state. So the philosophical discourse has practical purposes. Furthermore, the spiritual and philosophical tradition of Ancient Greek gives a central importance to the phenomenon of death and the anxiety of death. Indian philosophy also has similar characteristics. In this sense, it is claimed that a philosophical dialogue between traditions of Ancient Greek and Indian can be initiated. Samkhya philosophy is one of the most important school of Indian thought and literature. Therefore, the historical development of Samkhya Philosophy is examined through the prominent texts of Indian philosophy in the second chapter of the thesis. It is understood that the main implication of Samkhyakarika is not the liberation of Soul but the transcendence of the anxiety of death. In addition, the thesis says the text emphasizes the experience of life and presents life as a contemplation of death. It is shown that a dialogue between Indian and Ancient philosophies considering their similar spiritual tendencies.