An Investigation of sāṃkhyakārikā: the history and philosophical problems of sāṃkhya darsana

Download
2019
Sancar, Öncü Irmak
In this thesis, Samkhyakarika, which is one of the most important texts of the Indian Philosophy, is analyzed. Moreover, it is argued that Samkhya Philosophy could be examined within the framework of Hadot’s observations and comments on philosophical tradition of Ancient Greek and Roma. Firstly, the main lines of the philosophical-spiritual tradition of Ancient Greek and Roma are shared with the findings and analysis of Hadot. Hadot thinks that Ancient Greek philosophy provides a way of life to the person. Thus, the philosophical discourse guides the person to reach her best state. So the philosophical discourse has practical purposes. Furthermore, the spiritual and philosophical tradition of Ancient Greek gives a central importance to the phenomenon of death and the anxiety of death. Indian philosophy also has similar characteristics. In this sense, it is claimed that a philosophical dialogue between traditions of Ancient Greek and Indian can be initiated. Samkhya philosophy is one of the most important school of Indian thought and literature. Therefore, the historical development of Samkhya Philosophy is examined through the prominent texts of Indian philosophy in the second chapter of the thesis. It is understood that the main implication of Samkhyakarika is not the liberation of Soul but the transcendence of the anxiety of death. In addition, the thesis says the text emphasizes the experience of life and presents life as a contemplation of death. It is shown that a dialogue between Indian and Ancient philosophies considering their similar spiritual tendencies.

Suggestions

Understanding of music in the philosophy of Wittgenstein
Canlar, Simay; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2019)
In this thesis, Samkhyakarika, which is one of the most important texts of the Indian Philosophy, is analyzed. Moreover, it is argued that Samkhya Philosophy could be examined within the framework of Hadot’s observations and comments on philosophical tradition of Ancient Greek and Roma. Firstly, the main lines of the philosophical-spiritual tradition of Ancient Greek and Roma are shared with the findings and analysis of Hadot. Hadot thinks that Ancient Greek philosophy provides a way of life to the person. ...
Revisiting immanence and conatus in Spinoza
Yaylım, Berk; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2015)
This thesis focuses on the concept of immanence in Spinoza’s philosophy and its importance in explicating theory of knowledge and conatus. While accounting for immanence, it will seek not only his metaphysics but also a critical discussion of transcendence and emanation. After the metaphysical system behind his philosophy is explained, his defense of necessitarianism will be emphasized. In this study, under the light of these, a coherent interpretation of Spinoza’s solutions, how these relate to his theory ...
Ending the exile of desire in Spinoza and Hegel
Cengiz, Övünç; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The main objective of this master’s thesis is to analyze the place assigned to the phenomenon of desire by Hegel and Spinoza, and to show that the main difference between two philosophers in terms of their understanding of desire and human phenomenon consists in their understanding of the relation between the substance and particulars. In order to fulfill the requirements of this objective, what is focused on is, as different from a certain philosophical thought excluding desire from a true account of human...
The Uses of the World Soul in Plato's Timaeus
Evren, Şahan; Bağçe, Samet; Department of Philosophy (2009)
The purpose of the present study is to assess the explanatory value of the concept of the World Soul in the cosmological account of Plato’s Timaeus. The World Soul plays a crucial role in the account of the world of Becoming in the Timaeus and in Plato’s philosophy of science. The World Soul explains why there is motion at all in the universe and sustains the regularity and uniformity of the motion of the celestial objects. Its constitution and the way it is generated by the Demiurge endow it an intermediar...
The Importance of the Meno on the transition from the early to the middle Platonic dialogues
Seferoğlu, Tonguç; Bağçe, Samet; Department of Philosophy (2012)
The purpose of the present study is to signify the explanatory value of the Meno on the coherence as well as the disparateness of the Plato’s early and middle dialogues. Indeed, the Meno exposes the transition on the content and form of these dialogues. The first part of the dialogue resembles the Socrates’ way of investigation, the so-called Elenchus, whereas Plato presents his own philosophical project in the second part of the dialogue. Three fundamental elements of Plato’s middle dialogues explicitly ar...
Citation Formats
Ö. I. Sancar, “An Investigation of sāṃkhyakārikā: the history and philosophical problems of sāṃkhya darsana,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Philosophy., Middle East Technical University, 2019.