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Cotton value chain and upgrading strategies of cotton producers in the value chain: the case of Şanlıurfa

Kahraman, Aslıhan
Shifting patterns in global trade and production systems bring different new implications for the regions who want to integrate into it. From the perspective of regional development, engaging with these global trade and production networks became one of the major concerns of developers and policy makers; however, the terms and conditions of the engagement determine whether the region gains or loses because of this integration. Value chains approach, in this respect, come into prominence as a useful framework to understand the recent dynamics of global trade and provides valuable tools for enhancing the position of actors participating into these global trade networks. The thesis investigates cotton value chain in Şanlıurfa. Even though Şanlıurfa is the greatest cotton supplier of the GAP Region and Turkey, there are several problems associated with cotton value chain affecting the competitiveness of the region and textiles sector. The study aims to identify problems and opportunities of the cotton value chain and further examines upgrading strategies taking place in cotton production. It also aims to explore positions and attitudes of farmers towards upgrading, and factors affecting their upgrading decisions. Particular attention is paid to “upgrading” activities because regional value creation or value increase are usually achieved through upgrading strategies. Upgrading is also important in terms of promoting appropriate strategies to improve the ways and terms that agricultural producers are integrated into the global cotton value chain and enhancing their position in this integration in order to promote more sustainable economic and regional development.