The role of institution and home contexts in theory of mind development

Yagmurlu, B
Kazak Berument, Sibel
Celimli, S
To investigate the role of early context in theory of mind development, institutionalized children living in a boarding home (n = 34) in Turkey were compared to home-reared children coming from low (n = 32) and middle socioeconomic backgrounds (n = 44). Theory of mind was assessed with one deception and three false belief tasks; Peabody PVT and Raven CPM were administered to control for language and nonverbal intelligence. Results indicated a context effect whereby home-reared children performed better than institution-reared children on theory of mind tasks. Hierarchical regression analysis further revealed that institution rearing/adult-child ratio predicted theory of mind performance even after age, socioeconomic background, language and nonverbal intelligence were accounted for. Findings suggest the significance of adult-child interaction for theory of mind development. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation Formats
B. Yagmurlu, S. Kazak Berument, and S. Celimli, “The role of institution and home contexts in theory of mind development,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 521–537, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: