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Integration of industrial heritage areas into the city through urban design: the case of Sümerbank Nazilli textile factory campus

Bayındır, Atıf Emre
The early 20th century was a modernization period in Turkey, which can be described as a revolution. In this era, transformation of space and society were the main aims of the young Turkish Republic. In this regard industrial facilities were constructed across the country in terms of the principles of statism. Coming to the present day, some of these industrial facilities were closed due to reasons such as change in production patterns, new technological developments and the decrease in productivity. These derelict industrial areas with their physical components and infrastructures, which are not actively used today, are important for the future of urban forms of our cities in many aspects. So as to understand and infer on how they can be conserved and reutilized in cities, first of all, it is important to analyze how those facilities affected on the spatial and social life of cities in past. It can be claimed that there is a relationship between their identities and urbanization process in Turkey. The Sümerbank factories are among these facilities, which remarkably impacted on the spatial and social life of cities. In this thesis, Sümerbank Nazilli Textile Factory will be examined within the framework of the concepts of lost space and industrial heritage, as well as three theories of urban design, namely; figure-ground, linkage and place theories. In addition, ways of how to integrate it with urban context by protecting it with urban design approaches will be explored.