The Effects of psychological capital and social capital on nurses’ work engagement and burnout

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2019
El, İsmail
In today’s challenging business world, for human resources management and organizations, dealing with work engagement and burnout have always been a challenging task regarding their positive and negative outcomes to the organization. Besides, the occupational context of health sector is mostly regarded as stress-filled (Tennant, 2001). In order to deliver a high quality healthcare service, organizations need to develop and boost the staff’s intrapersonal and social resources so as to make them more engaged in their work without letting them be deprived of their wellbeing. Concerning the positive resources of personality, psychological capital is a principal concept of positive organizational behavior (Luthans & Youssef, 2004). Research verified the existence of psychological capital’s significant effect on work engagement and burnout (Youssef & Luthans, 2007) as well as the significance of social capital’s effect on work engagement (Susanne et al., 2013) and burnout (Boyas, Wind, & Kang, 2012; Farahbod, Chegini, Eramsadati, & Mohtasham-Amiri, 2015). In addition to direct effects of psychological capital and social capital on work engagement and burnout, the present study has a focus on the mediating role psychological capital on social capital in this association. The research question was applied with participation of 363 nurses. Structural equation modeling was employed to check the model’s reliability and construct validity. Furthermore, path analysis was conducted to examine the direct and indirect effects of psychological capital and social capital. Next, soebel test was employed to examine the significance of mediation. Results verified that both of psychological and social capitals significantly increased work engagement and decreased burnout. Besides, psychological capital partially mediated the social capital’s association with work engagement and burnout.
Citation Formats
İ. El, “The Effects of psychological capital and social capital on nurses’ work engagement and burnout,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Psychology., Middle East Technical University, 2019.