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The relationship between urban plan hierarchy and urban transportation master plan. the case of Ankara, İzmir and Bursa

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2019
Varankaya, Merv
Planning is defined as the process of preparing systematic action programs to reach the desired goals for the future. Types of urban plan are spatial planning types that reflect the macro form development, population, transportation and policies of the cities. Transportation is an integral part of planning. Transportation planning is a method developed for achieving future change predictions of transportation systems in urban areas. As a transportation planning urban transportation master plans have been prepared by Municipalities in Turkey. The scope of urban transportation master plan focuses on developing recommendations in line with long term demand predictions. Moreover, transportation master plans which analyze the current situation related to transportation identify bottlenecks and develop solutions for the transportation of cities within 15 years. In this context, it is the aim of the thesis to determine the relationship between urban plan hierarchy and urban transportation master plan in the current situation and to determine at which points they dissociate and where they affect each other. Spatial plans are used as base for the transportation master plans. To understand this Ankara, İzmir and Bursa Provinces from Turkey have been chosen as a case study because these provinces’s transportation master plans are three of the most current transportation master plans. Also, size of the population in Turkey, most the first four provinces, respectively in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Bursa. However, İstanbul differs from the other cities in order to its studies about transportation master plans in terms of fiction and content. There is no current study of urban transportation master plans in İstanbul. Therefore, the second third and fourth largest provinces of Turkey have been chosen as a case study. A two-step method is used to achieve this purpose. In the first stage, focused on the urban transportation master plan process and semi-structered interviews have been carried out with the participants of the process. These interviews have been carried out with the representatives of expertise stakeholders that are participants of urban transportation arrangement process. As a second step of the methodology, the transportation master plans of Ankara, İzmir and Bursa is examined. Also, the spatial plans used a base for transportation master plans are compared to the transportation master plans of the cities.