Arazi ve Arsa Düzenlemesi (18. Madde Uygulaması) Sürecinin Kentsel Mekân Oluşumu Açısından İrdelenmesi

Meşhur, Mehmet Çağlar
Urban planning defined as a process includes all phases (or stages) from assigning goals and purposes for planning to implementation of urban plans. Since it is a process, success of urban planning completely depends on the relation and continuity between different phases. Planning process contains not only physical and spatial aspects, but also economic, social, cultural and psychological background of cities. However, in our country, implementation of plans is perceived as the most important stage in the planning process. In this framework, the other aspects of planning are not taken into consideration. As a result, implementation processes only aim to share urban rents originating from plans and generation of building plots. This attitude leads to unfair distribution of property rights and spatial problems. Land readjustment, as a tool for implementation of urban plans, might also lead to dull and low quality space formations. The main goal of land readjustment process is to generate urban plots, which are suitable for buildings, at minimum standards. In this approach, areas between buildings take form indiscriminately; in other words, they are not shaped through the application of design principles. In order to concretize the problem relating to the process in Turkey, striking results have been obtained in the course of studies conducted in the city of Konya. Konya has been defined as one of the planned cities of Turkey in terms of planning experience gained from 1960s onwards. However, the approaches used in orienting the land readjustment according to the application of the urban plans developed, have supported their application processes on the production of construction parcels which are appropriate for construction rather than production of urban spaces of quality. It is the most substantial indicator of the problem put forward in the scope of this study that the approach to create design opportunities instead of construction parcels makes up only 10% of all the implementations. In addition, this understanding shows that planning and application processes do not necessarily correlate. This approach removing the design capabilities and restricting the urban space formation to areas randomly formed between buildings excludes space formation from being an issue in architectural and city planning terms. The perception of the concept of land readjustment as the creation of facilities and options for the design of urban space rather than treating it to be an issue of share and parcel production, is the basic necessity for the removal of existing problems. Such a solution can only facilitate with a shift in the current understanding of land readjustment, redefining the role of architects and city planners excluded from the process. The method of land readjustment frequently used in the process of plan applications in Turkey includes the phases which may be accepted as engineering problems in the processes from “the preparation of arrangement maps” up to “the formation of parcel tables”. The phases such as preparation of arrangement maps, arrangement of the block application sketches and calculation of the rate of the block construction areas and common share of adjustment in the process concerned, are treated as totally technical phases which are the parts of the engineering expertise. Dealing with “parcel formation” in accordance with allotment within the scope of a similar engineering approach leads to empower other agents outside the disciplines of architecture and city planning. Another point in this structure which provides construction conditions to produce detached construction parcels is the fact that the border lines of parcels not only determine the allotment but also shape the built environment in accordance with the spaces in between. This leads the engineers of geodesy and cartography to be accepted as the legal authors of land readjustment, thus leading to the exemption of the city planners and architects from the processes of shaping and determining the real qualities of urban space in Turkey.


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Citation Formats
M. Ç. Meşhur, “Arazi ve Arsa Düzenlemesi (18. Madde Uygulaması) Sürecinin Kentsel Mekân Oluşumu Açısından İrdelenmesi,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 21–38, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: