External interventions and civil wars: the case of Lebanon (1975-1990).

Sunay, Selçuk
This thesis analyzes the impact of Syria, Israel and Iran to the Lebanese Civil War in the years of 1975-1990 and investigates the civil war based on foreign intervention point of view. It considers the developments from regional perspective and argues that although the Civil War emerged due to political and social structure of Lebanon, it became more complicated and chaotic as a result of the intervention of the regional countries for more power in the region. These countries realized Lebanon as strategic for their interests and they used the Civil War emerged in Lebanon as an opportunity. They penetrated into the Lebanese domestic politics by generating alliances with different groups in Lebanon. Israel was concerned about the fact that Palestinians used Lebanese land as base for their organization and it wanted to secure its northern borders, south Lebanon. For Syria, Lebanon was strategically important in its regional predominance and it always wanted to keep control of Lebanon. Iran increased its attention especially in the 1980s to Lebanon to spread its Islamic revolution and influence Shiite population in the country. The Civil War ended after the Taif Agreement in 1989 as a result of the effort of Syria, after years of witnessing the power struggle of these two countries in Lebanon.


Sectarian Actors in Foreign Policy Making: 2006 Lebanese War Revisited
Tinas, Murat; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (2018-01-01)
This paper analyses the role of sub-state sectarian actors in foreign policy making in weakly established states by re-visiting the July War of 2006 in Lebanon. It mainly asks how sub-state sectarian actors behave as foreign policy actors in countries where society is divided along sectarian identities and how sectarian identities matter in terms of the definition of the self and the other and the ally and the enemy in weak states. By doing so, the paper analyses the emergence and the consolidation of forei...
Syrian foreign policy towards Israel
Tonkuş, Selen; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of International Relations (2013)
In this thesis, Syrian foreign policy towards Israel between 1946 and March 2011 is analyzed. In this context the main aim of the thesis is to find out an answer to the question of how the domestic, regional and international factors play role in shaping in Syrian foreign policy towards Israel. Accordingly, the study consists of three parts. In the first part of the study, a historical background of Syrian foreign policy of Israel is provided since the late Ottoman legacy until the establishment of the Arab...
Conflict and cooperation: Syria-United States Relations Through 1970-2011
Tığrak, Fatih; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2012)
This thesis analyzes the dynamics of bilateral relationship between the United States of America and Syrian Arab Republic from Hafez Asad’s grasp of power in 1970 to the latest domestic uprising of 2011. The relationship will be considered under three main vectors; struggle over Lebanon, tensions regarding peace process and Israel, and rogue statehood of Syria attributed by the United States. .
Local and National Level Humanitarian Diplomacy in Turkey in the Context of Syrian Civil War
Kandemir, Ali Berker; Boztemur, Recep; Department of Middle East Studies (2021-10-08)
This thesis analyzes humanitarian diplomacy efforts in Turkey in the context of the Syrian Civil War. The thesis argues that the failed relationship between the Turkish State and the International Non-Governmental Organizations at the local level causes inefficient humanitarian operations towards Syrians affected by the civil war. In addition to that, the thesis considers that the undulant Turkey – West relations have consequences on humanitarian efforts in the country. On the one hand, the thesis conside...
Turkish foreign policy towards Israel: the implications of Turkey’s relations with the west
Turan, Tolga; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of International Relations (2008)
This thesis aims to analyze the Turkish foreign policy towards the State of Israel in a historical perspective and to examine how the foreign policy perceptions of the AKP Government having Islamic roots that came to power in 2002 affected this policy. The thesis argues that, historically, the Western connection of the Turkish Republic has determined the Turkish foreign policy towards Israel and the foreign policy perceptions of the AKP Government strengthened this connection rather than weakening it. It is...
Citation Formats
S. Sunay, “External interventions and civil wars: the case of Lebanon (1975-1990).,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Middle East Studies., Middle East Technical University, 2020.