External interventions and civil wars: the case of Lebanon (1975-1990).

Sunay, Selçuk
This thesis analyzes the impact of Syria, Israel and Iran to the Lebanese Civil War in the years of 1975-1990 and investigates the civil war based on foreign intervention point of view. It considers the developments from regional perspective and argues that although the Civil War emerged due to political and social structure of Lebanon, it became more complicated and chaotic as a result of the intervention of the regional countries for more power in the region. These countries realized Lebanon as strategic for their interests and they used the Civil War emerged in Lebanon as an opportunity. They penetrated into the Lebanese domestic politics by generating alliances with different groups in Lebanon. Israel was concerned about the fact that Palestinians used Lebanese land as base for their organization and it wanted to secure its northern borders, south Lebanon. For Syria, Lebanon was strategically important in its regional predominance and it always wanted to keep control of Lebanon. Iran increased its attention especially in the 1980s to Lebanon to spread its Islamic revolution and influence Shiite population in the country. The Civil War ended after the Taif Agreement in 1989 as a result of the effort of Syria, after years of witnessing the power struggle of these two countries in Lebanon.
Citation Formats
S. Sunay, “External interventions and civil wars: the case of Lebanon (1975-1990).,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Middle East Studies., Middle East Technical University, 2020.