Bidirectional effects between parenting and temperament in relation to children’s self-concept

Bahtiyar Saygan, Bahar.
Although parenting and temperament have been investigated for many years, bidirectionality between them is a point of interest recently (Kiff, Lengua, & Zalewski, 2011). The current study aimed to investigate the cross-lagged effects between, temperament (i.e. behavioral inhibition) and parenting (i.e. maternal overprotectiveness and autonomy support) in relation to preschool children’s selfconcepts. In total, 180 children (93 females [51.7%], and 87 males [48.3%]; Mage = 61.15, SDage = 8.56) and their mothers participated in the study, and they were assessed in two time points with eight months interval. Children’s perceived selfconcepts were assessed with a puppet interview method via Child Self-View Questionnaire (Eder, 1990) and Berkeley Puppet Interview (Ablow & Measelle, 1993). Mothers responded to Parental Overprotection Measure (Edwards, Rapee, & Kennedy, 2008) to assess maternal overprotectiveness, Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (Robinson, Mandleco, Olsen, & Hart, 2001) to assess maternal autonomy support, and Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (Putnam, Gartstein, & Rothbart, 2006) to measure the behavioral inhibition of children in both two waves of data collection. Data were collected through home/kindergarten visits. The data were analyzed using two sets (for two different parenting styles each) of v cross-lagged panel analyses. Results revealed that Time 1 (T1) assessments of children’s self-concept, behavioral inhibition, maternal overprotectiveness and autonomy support predicted their Time 2 (T2) assessments. Additionally, T1 maternal overprotectiveness positively predicted T2 behavioral inhibition; also, both T1 behavioral inhibition and T1 self-concept negatively predicted T2 maternal autonomy support. Results were discussed in the light of literature regarding the nature of temperament-parenting bidirectionality and the effects of Turkish culture.


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Citation Formats
B. Bahtiyar Saygan, “Bidirectional effects between parenting and temperament in relation to children’s self-concept,” Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Psychology, Middle East Technical University, 2020.