The Role of parliaments in the semi-presidential systems: the case of the federal assembly of Russia

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2019
Arabacı Kariman, Rabia
The purpose of this thesis is to scrutinize the role and status of the Federal Assembly of Russia within the context of the semi-presidential system in the Russian Federation. Parliaments as a body incorporating the representative and legislative functions of the state are of critical importance to the development and stability of democracy in a working constitutional system. Since the legislative power cannot be thought separate from the political system in which it works, semi-presidentialism practices of Russia with its opportunities and deadlocks will be vital to understand the role of parliamentary power in Russia. The analysis of the the relationship among the constitutional bodies as stipulated by the first post-Soviet Constitution in 1993 will contribute to our understanding of the development of democracy in the Russian Federation. In the thesis, I aim to examine the parliament‘s role and functioning in Russia as an indicator of the democratic consolidation level by on the parliamentary committee competence, parliamentary oversight authority, law making process, and deliberation capacity of their deputies. I will discuss the relationship between the executive and legislative bodies, as well as the rights and duties of these political powers in under different presidential terms. Throughout the study, I will seek an answer whether the Russian Federal Assembly is able to counterweight the presidential authority or not.