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Drug-related violence in mexico: a case of failed state?

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2020
Dursun, Ayşegül
This thesis focuses on accelerating drug-related violence in Mexico since the early 2000s which has pushed Mexico into arguments around the concept of “failed state” which does not provide a sufficient basis for explaining the violence and security issues in Mexico. In this thesis, the term “failed state” has been described in order to reveal its origin, present critics on it and understand why Mexico has become a subject of this discourse by briefing Latin America history from colonial period to today in the context of path dependence in order to explain the historical bonds of institutional development. It has been tried to focus on the critical junctures which created the path dependence on institutional development in Mexico to explain the causes of enduring violence. Therefore, the colonial period, independence process, Mexican revolution, state corporatism and authoritarian approaches, neoliberal implications and democratization processes which created an unconstrained space to drug cartels have been introduced. Moreover, drug-related violence in Guerrero as the local state which has been exposed to violence for a long period of time due to the marginalization of rural poor and indigenous people, production and trafficking of narcotics has been tried to be analyzed within the dynamics of state and society in historical perspective.