The 1867 Virgin Island Tsunami

Zahibo, N.
Pelinovsky, E.
Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet
Kurkin, A.
Koselkov, A.
Zaitsev, A.
The 1867 Virgin Island Tsunami reached large magnitude on the coasts of the Caribbean Islands. A maximum tsunami height of 10m was reported for two coastal locations (Deshaies and Sainte-Rose) in Guadeloupe. Modelling of the 1867 tsunami is performed in the framework of the nonlinear shallow-water theory. The directivity of the tsunami wave source in the Caribbean Sea according to the assumed initial waveform is investigated. The tsunami records at the several coastal regions in the Lesser Antilles, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and South America are simulated. The comparison between the computed and observed data is in reasonable agreement.


The 1867 Virgin Island tsunami: observations and modeling
Zahibo, N; Pelinovsky, E; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Kurkin, A; Koselkov, A; Zaitsev, A (Elsevier BV, 2003-11-01)
The 1867 Virgin Island tsunami was of a great effect for the Caribbean Islands. A maximal tsunami height of 10 m was recorded for two coastal locations (Deshayes and St. Rose) in Guadeloupe. The historical data of this event for the Caribbean Sea are discussed. The modeling of the 1867 tsunami is performed in the framework of the nonlinear shallow-water theory. The four different orientations of the tsunami source in the Anegada Passage are examined. The directivity of the tsunami wave in the Caribbean is i...
Generation of the 2018 Tsunami on Sulawesi Island: Possible Sources
Zaytsev, A. I.; Pelinovsky, E. N.; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Susmoro, H.; Prasetya, G.; Hidayat, R.; Dolgikh, G. I.; Dolgikh, S. G.; Kurkin, A. A.; Dogan, G.; Zahibo, N.; Pronin, P. I. (Pleiades Publishing Ltd, 2019-05-01)
Numerical simulation of a tsunami from September 28, 2018, on Sulawesi Island (Indonesia) is carried out. It is shown that the observed distribution of tsunami heights within a large area can be explained by the direct effect of a strong earthquake, whereas in the source zone (area of the city of Palu) it was produced by an underwater landslide.
The depth effect of earthquakes on tsunami heights in the Sea of Okhotsk
Zaytsev, Andrey; Kostenko, Irina; Kurkin, Andrey; Pelinovsky, Efim; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, 2016-01-01)
The earthquake of magnitude M-w = 8.3 that occurred on 24 May 2013 in the Sea of Okhotsk was the most powerful earthquake in the region. Fortunately, the generated tsunami was small because of the deep focal depth (609 km) and was only detected by the nearest Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) buoy records. However, the event highlighted the fact that any earthquakes with similar magnitudes at shallower focal depths would have caused considerable tsunamis. In order to evaluate the effect...
Real-time experimental forecast of the Peruvian tsunami of August 2007 for US coastlines
Wei, Yong; Bernard, Eddie N.; Tang, Liujuan; Weiss, Robert; Titov, Vasily V.; Moore, Christopher; Spillane, Michael; Hopkins, Mike; Kanoğlu, Utku (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2008-02-27)
At 23: 41 UTC on 15 August 2007, an offshore earthquake of magnitude 8.0 severely damaged central Peru and generated a tsunami. Severe shaking by the earthquake collapsed buildings throughout the region and caused 514 fatalities. The tsunami resulted in three casualties and a representative maximum runup height of similar to 7 m in the near field. The first real-time tsunami data available came from a deep-ocean tsunami detection buoy within 1 hour of tsunami generation. These tsunami data were used to prod...
Source process of the 3 November 2002 Denali fault earthquake (central Alaska) from teleseismic observations
Özacar, Atilla Arda; Christensen, DH (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2003-06-25)
[1] The November 3, 2002 Denali fault earthquake, which is the largest inland event ever recorded in central Alaska, occurred along an arcuate segment of the right-lateral strike-slip Denali fault. We use first-motion P wave polarities and inversions of teleseismic P waveforms for a fixed focal mechanism to constrain the rupture process. We find clear evidence for a substantial reverse component near the hypocenter at the beginning of the rupture. Twenty-five seconds later, rupture propagated unilaterally t...
Citation Formats
N. Zahibo, E. Pelinovsky, A. C. Yalçıner, A. Kurkin, A. Koselkov, and A. Zaitsev, “The 1867 Virgin Island Tsunami,” NATURAL HAZARDS AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES, pp. 367–376, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: