Impact modified polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites: Processing and characterization

Isik, Isil
Bayram, Göknur
The effects of melt state compounding of ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride (E-BA-MAH) terpolymer and/or three types of organoclays (Cloisitel(R) 15A, 25A, and 3013) on thermal and mechanical properties and morphology of polyamide-6 are investigated. E-BA-MAH formed spherical domains in the materials to which it is added, and increased the impact strength, whereas the organoclays decreased the impact strength. In general, the organoclays increased the tensile strength (except for Cloisite 15A), Young's modulus and elongation at break, but the addition of E-BA-MAH had the opposite effect. XRD patterns showed that the interlayer spacing for the organoclays Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B increased in both polyamide-6/organoclay binary nanocomposites and in polyamide-6/organoclay/impact modifier ternary systems. TEM analysis showed that exfoliated-intercalated nanocomposites were formed. The crystallinities of polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites were in general lower than that of polyamide-6 (except for Cloisite 15A). In ternary nanocomposites, crystallinities generally were lower than those of polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites. Cloisite 15A containing ternary nanocomposites had higher tensile and impact strengths and Young's modulus than the ternary nanocomposites prepared with Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B, owing to its surface hydrophobicity and compatibility with the impact modifier.


Impact modified polyamide-organoclay nanocomposites
Işık, Işıl; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
The effects of melt state compounding and addition order of ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride (E-BA-MAH), ethylene-glycidyl methacrylate (E-GMA), ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA) terpolymer and/or three types of organoclays (Cloisite® 15A, 25A and 30B) on morphology, thermal, mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of polyamide-6 are investigated. XRD patterns show that the interlayer spacing for Cloisite® 15A remained unchanged; however it increased for the organoclays ...
Comparative study on mechanical, thermal, viscoelastic and rheological properties of vulcanised EPDM rubber
Çavdar, Şeyma; Ozdemir, T.; Usanmaz, Ali (Informa UK Limited, 2010-07-01)
In this study, mechanical, thermal and rheological properties of vulcanised ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber containing different amounts of vulcanising agent, filler, paraffinic oil and stearic acid were compared. Moreover, reaction rate constant of the curing reaction has been calculated from the results of the rheological tests, and relative change of rate constant with the change of additives was studied by a new method. Thermal gravimetric analysis with in situ Fourier transform infrared ...
Reactive extrusion of poly(ethylene terephthalate)-(ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate)-organoclay nanocomposites
Alyamac, Elif; Yılmazer, Ülkü (Wiley, 2007-04-01)
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of component concentrations and addition order of the components on the final properties of ternary nanocomposites composed of poly(ethylene terephthalate), organoclay, and an ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA) terpolymer acting as an impact modifier for PET. In this context, first, the optimum amount of the impact modifier was determined by melt compounding binary PET-terpolymer blends in a corotating twin-screw extruder. The amount...
Thermal characterization of glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) and GAP-based binders for composite propellants
Selim, K; Özkar, Saim; Yılmaz, Levent (Wiley, 2000-07-18)
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to investigate the thermal behavior of glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) and GAP-based binders, which are of potential interest for the development of high-performance energetic propellants. The glass transition temperature (T-g) and decomposition temperature (T-d) of pure GAP were found to be -45 and 242 degrees C, respectively. The energy released during decomposition (Delta H-d) was measured as 485 cal/g. The effect of th...
Immobilization of Tyrosinase in Poly(2-thiophen-3-yl-alkyl ester) Derivatives
ÇAMURLU, PINAR; Kayahan, Senem; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2008-01-01)
In this study, construction of novel biosensors for the determination of phenolic compound was performed via immobilization of tyrosinase during the electrochemical synthesis of conducting block copolymers of 2-thiophen-3-yl-alkyl ester derivatives with 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene and synthesis of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). The resultant biosensors were characterized in terms of their maximum reaction rates, Michaelis-Menten constants (Km), temperature and pH stabilities. All the copolymer mat...
Citation Formats
I. Isik, Ü. YILMAZER, and G. Bayram, “Impact modified polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites: Processing and characterization,” POLYMER COMPOSITES, pp. 133–141, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: