Impact modified polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites: Processing and characterization

Isik, Isil
Bayram, Göknur
The effects of melt state compounding of ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride (E-BA-MAH) terpolymer and/or three types of organoclays (Cloisitel(R) 15A, 25A, and 3013) on thermal and mechanical properties and morphology of polyamide-6 are investigated. E-BA-MAH formed spherical domains in the materials to which it is added, and increased the impact strength, whereas the organoclays decreased the impact strength. In general, the organoclays increased the tensile strength (except for Cloisite 15A), Young's modulus and elongation at break, but the addition of E-BA-MAH had the opposite effect. XRD patterns showed that the interlayer spacing for the organoclays Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B increased in both polyamide-6/organoclay binary nanocomposites and in polyamide-6/organoclay/impact modifier ternary systems. TEM analysis showed that exfoliated-intercalated nanocomposites were formed. The crystallinities of polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites were in general lower than that of polyamide-6 (except for Cloisite 15A). In ternary nanocomposites, crystallinities generally were lower than those of polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites. Cloisite 15A containing ternary nanocomposites had higher tensile and impact strengths and Young's modulus than the ternary nanocomposites prepared with Cloisite 25A and Cloisite 30B, owing to its surface hydrophobicity and compatibility with the impact modifier.


Impact modified polyamide-organoclay nanocomposites
Işık, Işıl; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
The effects of melt state compounding and addition order of ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride (E-BA-MAH), ethylene-glycidyl methacrylate (E-GMA), ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate (E-MA-GMA) terpolymer and/or three types of organoclays (Cloisite® 15A, 25A and 30B) on morphology, thermal, mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties of polyamide-6 are investigated. XRD patterns show that the interlayer spacing for Cloisite® 15A remained unchanged; however it increased for the organoclays ...
Comparison of Natural Halloysite With Synthetic Carbon Nanotubes in Poly(lactic acid) Based Composites
Erpek, Canan Esma Yeniova; ÖZKOÇ, GÜRALP; Yılmazer, Ülkü (Wiley, 2017-11-01)
The objective of this study is to compare the mechanical properties, structure and degradability of the nanocomposites prepared with tubular nanofillers, halloysite (HNT) and carbon nanotube (CNT) in poly(lactic acid) (PLA), and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) toughened PLA (T-PLA) matrices. In the PLA matrix, CNT increased, whereas HNT decreased the tensile strength with increasing filler content. Also, the elongation at break and impact strength decreased with increasing CNT content, but these properties...
Electrochemical polymerization of para-substituted haloanilines
Cihaner, A; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar (Informa UK Limited, 2006-01-01)
Polyhaloanilines: poly(4-fluoroaniline) (P4FAN), poly(4-chloroaniline) (P4CAN), and poly(4-bromoaniline) (P4BAN), are synthesized from para-substituted haloaniline monomers; 4-fluoroaniline (4FAN), 4-chloroaniline (4CAN), and 4-bromoaniline (4BAN), respectively, via constant potential electrolysis (CPE) in acetonitrile-water mixture (1:1 v/v) with NaClO4 as supporting electrolyte. Prior to CPE, electrochemical behavior of the monomers were investigated in organic medium utilizing cyclic voltammetry (CV). Th...
Polystyrene-organoclay nanocomposites prepared by melt intercalation, in situ, and Masterbatch methods
Yılmazer, Ülkü; Ozden, G (Wiley, 2006-06-01)
In this study, polystyrene (PS)/montmorillonite nanocomposites were prepared by melt intercalation, in situ polymerization, and masterbatch methods. In the masterbatch method, as the first step, a high clay content composite of PS-organoclay (masterbatch) was prepared by in situ polymerization, and then the prepared masterbatch was diluted to desired compositions with commercial PS in a twin-screw extruder. The structure and mechanical properties of the nanocomposites were examined. X-ray diffraction (XRD) ...
Thermal degradation of poly(allyl methacrylate) by mass spectroscopy and TGA
Vardareli, Tugba Kantav; Keskin, Selda; Usanmaz, Ali (Informa UK Limited, 2006-10-01)
Allyl methacrylate, AMA was polymerized in CCl4 solution by alpha,alpha'-azoisobutyronitrile at 50 degrees C. The thermal degradation mechanism of PAMA was characterized by MS, TGA-FT-IR and FT-IR-ATR methods. The mass spectrum and TGA thermogram showed two stage degradation. The first stage of degradation was mostly linkage type degradation for the fragmentation of pendant allyl groups at 225 - 350 degrees C. In the second stage, at 395 - 515 degrees C, the degradation is random scission and depolymerizati...
Citation Formats
I. Isik, Ü. YILMAZER, and G. Bayram, “Impact modified polyamide-6/organoclay nanocomposites: Processing and characterization,” POLYMER COMPOSITES, pp. 133–141, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: