Gravitational energy in quadratic-curvature gravities

Deser, S
Tekin, Bayram
We define energy (E) and compute its values for gravitational systems involving terms quadratic in curvature. There are significant differences, both conceptually and concretely, from Einstein theory. For D=4, all purely quadratic models admit constant curvature vacua with arbitrary Lambda, and E is the "cosmological" Abbott-Deser (AD) expression; instead, E always vanishes in flat, Lambda=0, background. For combined Einstein-quadratic curvature systems without explicit Lambda-term vacuum must be flat space, and E has the usual Arnowitt-Deser-Misner form. A Lambda-term forces unique de Sitter vacuum, with E the sum of contributions from Einstein and quadratic parts to the AD form. We also discuss the effects on energy definition of higher curvature terms and of higher dimension.

Citation Formats
S. Deser and B. Tekin, “Gravitational energy in quadratic-curvature gravities,” PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, vol. 89, no. 10, pp. 0–0, 2002, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: