Critical acts without a critical mass: The substantive representation of women in the Turkish parliament

Drawing upon in-depth interviews with 20 women MPs and parliamentary debates during the amendment of the Turkish Civil and Penal Codes, we elaborate on the possibility and conditions of women's impact on politics without their constituting a critical mass in the parliament. Our research reveals that when state machinery, women's machinery, and supra-national agencies have created a conducive context, as in the case of the last decade in Turkey, the substantive representation of women's issues become possible even in a political culture where women constitute only a 'skewed' group in the parliament.


Nationalist bias in Turkish official discourse on hate speech: a Rawlsian criticism
Deveci, Cem (2019-01-01)
This article analyzes the approach in Turkey on hate speech by evaluating legal regulations, decisions and public responses. We argue that the Turkish case cultivates neither a lenient, nor a restrictive response to hate speech, because a strong nationalist bias seems to be at work in interpreting, penalizing or allowing hate speech. The peculiarity of the Turkish case stems from a prejudice that hate speech might be conducted only against the nation, unity of the state, or the principles of regime, rather ...
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This dissertation aims to uncover the main parameters, the decisive dynamics within Kyrgyz politics not only through an examination of the socio-political context of post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, but also through an analysis of the events that came to be known as the ‘Tulip Revolution’. It examines the general and immediate contexts, course of events, dynamics and implications of the ‘Tulip Revolution’ in order to understand what kind of dynamics account for the continuing instability in Kyrgyzstan in its afterma...
Questioning Perceptions and Suggestions about Violence Against Women: The Case of Women Representatives of Political Parties in GNAT in 2021
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Since violence against women (VAW) is reflected as one of the crucial social issues in Turkey, this study aims to investigate the perceptions of woman members of political parties which are represented in Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT) towards VAW. By examining women’s discourses, the study will demonstrate the similarities and differences between female politicians in Justice and Development Party (JDP), Nationalist Movement Party (NMP), IYI Party, Republican People’s Party (RPP), and People’s De...
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The 2017 referendum on controversial constitutional amendments witnessed a fierce competition in Turkey. Despite the joint campaign of AK Party (current ruling party) and MHP (nationalist party), the electoral outcome yielded only a slight edge for accepting the amendments (Yes 51%, No 49%). Why was there such a narrow margin of victory? What explains the defection among MHP voters at the aggregate level? Our paper examines these questions through a unique dataset along with spatiallyautoregressive and mult...
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Citation Formats
A. Ayata, “Critical acts without a critical mass: The substantive representation of women in the Turkish parliament,” PARLIAMENTARY AFFAIRS, pp. 461–475, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: