A functional immobilization matrix based on a conducting polymer and functionalized gold nanoparticles: Synthesis and its application as an amperometric glucose biosensor

Kesik, Melis
Kanik, Fulya Ekiz
Hizalan, Gonul
Kozanoglu, Duygu
Nalbant Esentürk, Emren
Timur, Suna
Toppare, Levent Kamil
Combination of nanoparticles and biomolecules attracted considerable attention in biosensing applications. In this study, effective surface design was investigated by modifying the electrode surface with pristine and functionalized gold nanoparticles. For this purpose, spherical gold nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized with UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses. Then, gold nanoparticles were modified with mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) yielding Au-S bonds (Au NPs/MPA). Moreover, a novel functional monomer, 6-(4,7-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno [3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)-2H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazol-2-yl)hexan-1-amine (BEDOA-6), was synthesized and used as an immobilization matrix for glucose biosensor. After successful electrochemical deposition of the polymer; poly(BEDOA-6) on graphite electrodes, immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) was carried out covalently with the help of crosslinking agent. During immobilization, Au NPs and Au NPs/MPA were used in biosensor fabrication in order to achieve the most effective surface design for target biosensor. In addition, SEM and fluorescence analyses were utilized to characterize the surface properties. The biosensor shows a wide linear range between 0.025 mM and 1.25 mM glucose concentration with a low detection limit of 0.025 mM. Also, kinetic parameters, operational and storage stabilities were determined. Finally, the biosensor was tested on beverages for glucose detection.


Türker, Burhan Lemi (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
A quantum chemical study, based on DFT theory is presented which considers certain selenium-containing naphthalene derivatives, including a keto group together with a Se atom embedded in either a five- or six-membered ring fused with naphthalene moiety. The corresponding enol structures also are considered. The quantum chemical and IR data collected are analyzed and NICS(0) values have been obtained.
A novel multi-electrochromic polymer based on selenophene and benzotriazole via electrochemical and chemical polymerization
Demir, Fatma; Keles, Duygu; Karabag, Aliekber; Çırpan, Ali; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Informa UK Limited, 2019-03-04)
In this study, a novel donor-acceptor type monomer was designed based on selenophene and benzotriazole with a bulky pendant group and synthesized through Stille coupling reaction. The monomer was polymerized electrochemically by using cyclic voltammetry and also chemically by oxidation in the presence of FeCl3. Both polymers were then compared in terms of their optical properties, electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical behaviors, kinetic and colorimetric properties and surface morphologies. Independent ...
A new ethanol biosensor based on polyfluorene-g-poly(ethylene glycol) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes
Bekmezci, Siddika Aybuke; SÖYLEMEZ, SANİYE; Yilmaz, Gorkem; Udum, Yasemin A.; Yağcı, Yusuf; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Elsevier BV, 2020-01-05)
Functionalization of the conjugated polymers has gained considerable interest in the biomedical engineering and biosensing applications as distinct properties can be imparted to the corresponding pristine analogues. In the present work, we report a novel sensing platform for the quantification of ethanol through a macromolecular design involving polyfluorene-g-poly(ethylene glycol) (PF-g-PEG) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). First, poly(ethylene glycol) with fluorene functionality (PEG-FL) was syn...
A thiazolothiazole containing multichromic polymer for glucose detection
Soylemez, S.; Kaya, H. Z.; Udum, Y. A.; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Department of Polymer Engineering, Scientific Society of Mechanical Engineering, 2019-10-01)
Donor-acceptor (DA) type monomers namely 2,5-di(thiophen-2-yl)thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole (TTzTh) and 2,5-bis(3-methylthiophen-2-yl)thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole (TTzMTh) were synthesized and their electrochemical and optoelectronic properties were investigated in detail. The spectro-electrochemical analysis showed that the alkyl chain substitution results in a shift in the onset of the pi-pi* transition towards longer wavelengths. Depending on the donor substituents, the polymers exhibited optical band gaps 1.65 and...
A new donor-acceptor type polymeric material from a thiophene derivative and its electrochromic properties
Udum, Yasemin Arslan; Yildiz, Ersin; Günbaş, Emrullah Görkem; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Wiley, 2008-06-01)
A new electrochromic polymer, poly(2,3,5,8-tetra(thiophen-2-yl)quinoxaline) (PTTQ), was synthesized electrochemically and its electrochromic properties were investigated. The polymer was characterized by Cyclic Voltammetry, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, LTV-Vis-NIR Spectroscopy, and colorimetry. Spectroelectrochemistry analysis demonstrated that the polymer can undergo both p- and true n-type doping processes. The polymer, (PTTQ), has three accessible color states: an oxidized transmissive, a neu...
Citation Formats
M. Kesik et al., “A functional immobilization matrix based on a conducting polymer and functionalized gold nanoparticles: Synthesis and its application as an amperometric glucose biosensor,” POLYMER, pp. 4463–4471, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/48004.