The Karyote® Physico-Chemical Genomic, Proteomic, Metabolic Cell Modeling System

Ortoleva, P.
Berry, E.
Brun, Y.
Fan, J.
Fontus, M.
Hubbard, K.
Jaqaman, K.
Jarymowycz, L.
Navid, A.
Sayyed-Ahmad, A.
Shreif, Z.
Stanley, F.
Tuncay, Kağan
Weitzke, E.
Wu, L.-C.
Modeling approaches to the dynamics of a living cell are presented that are strongly based on its underlying physical and chemical processes and its hierarchical spatio-temporal organization. Through the inclusion of a broad spectrum of processes and a rigorous analysis of the multiple scale nature of cellular dynamics, we are attempting to advance cell modeling and its applications. The presentation focuses on our cell modeling system, which integrates data archiving and quantitative physico-chemical modeling and information theory to provide a seamless approach to the modeling/data analysis endeavor. Thereby the rapidly growing mess of genomic, proteomic, metabolic, and cell physiological data can be automatically used to develop and calibrate a predictive cell model. The discussion focuses on the Karyote® cell modeling system and an introduction to the CellX® and VirusX® models. The Karyote software system integrates three elements: (1) a model-building and data archiving module that allows one to define a cell type to be modeled through its reaction network, structure, and transport processes as well as to choose the surrounding medium and other parameters of the phenomenon to be modeled; (2) a genomic, proteomic, metabolic cell simulator that solves the equations of metabolic reaction, transcription/translation polymerization and the exchange of molecules between parts of the cell and with the surrounding medium; and (3) an information theory module (ITM) that automates model calibration and development, and integrates a variety of data types with the cell dynamic computations. In Karyote, reactions may be fast (equilibrated) or slow (finite rate), and the special effects of enzymes and other minority species yielding steady-state cycles of arbitrary complexities are accounted for. These features of the dynamics are handled via rigorous multiple scale analysis. A user interface allows for an automated generation and solution of the equations of multiple timescale, compartmented dynamics. Karyote is based on a fixed intracellular structure. However, cell response to changes in the host medium, damage, development or transformation to abnormality can involve dramatic changes in intracellular structure. As this changes the nature of the cellular dynamics, a new model, CellX, is being developed based on the spatial distribution of concentration and other variables. This allows CellX to capture the self-organizing character of cellular behavior. The self-assembly of organelles, viruses, and other subcellular bodies is being addressed in a second new model, VirusX, that integrates molecular mechanics and continuum theory. VirusX is designed to study the influence of a host medium on viral self-assembly, structural stability, infection of a single cell, and transmission of disease.
OMICS A Journal of Integrative Biology


Investigating the malleability of RNA aptamers
İlgü, Müslüm; Lamm, Monica H.; Nilsen-Hamilton, Marit (Elsevier BV, 2013-09-15)
Aptamers are short, single-stranded nucleic acids with structures that frequently change upon ligand binding and are sensitive to the ionic environment. To achieve facile application of aptamers in controlling cellular activities, a better understanding is needed of aptamer ligand binding parameters, structures, intramolecular mobilities and how these structures adapt to different ionic environments with consequent effects on their ligand binding characteristics. Here we discuss the integration of biochemic...
Structural Basis for EPC1-Mediated Recruitment of MBTD1 into the NuA4/TIP60 Acetyltransferase Complex
Zhang, Heng; Devoucoux, Maëva; Song, Xiaosheng; Li, Li; Ayaz, Gamze; Cheng, Harry; Tempel, Wolfram; Dong, Cheng; Loppnau, Peter; Côté, Jacques; Min, Jinrong (Elsevier BV, 2020-3)
MBTD1, a H4K20me reader, has recently been identified as a component of the NuA4/TIP60 acetyltransferase complex, regulating gene expression and DNA repair. NuA4/TIP60 inhibits 53BP1 binding to chromatin through recognition of the H4K20me mark by MBTD1 and acetylation of H2AK15, blocking the ubiquitination mark required for 53BP1 localization at DNA breaks. The NuA4/TIP60 non-catalytic subunit EPC1 enlists MBTD1 into the complex, but the detailed molecular mechanism remains incompletely explored. Here, we p...
Light-up and FRET aptamer reporters; evaluating their applications for imaging transcription in eukaryotic cells
İlgü, Müslüm; BENDICKSON, Lee; WANG, Tianjiao; Geraskin, Ivan M.; Kraus, George A.; Nilsen-Hamilton, Marit (Elsevier BV, 2016-04-01)
The regulation of RNA transcription is central to cellular function. Changes in gene expression drive differentiation and cellular responses to events such as injury. RNA trafficking can also have a large impact on protein expression and its localization. Thus, the ability to image RNA transcription and trafficking in real time and in living cells is a worthwhile goal that has been difficult to achieve. The availability of "light-up" aptamers that cause an increase in fluorescence of their ligands when boun...
Discovering functional interaction patterns in protein-protein interaction networks
Turanalp, Mehmet E.; Can, Tolga (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-06-11)
Background: In recent years, a considerable amount of research effort has been directed to the analysis of biological networks with the availability of genome-scale networks of genes and/or proteins of an increasing number of organisms. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network is a particular biological network which represents physical interactions between pairs of proteins of an organism. Major research on PPI networks has focused on understanding the topological organization of PPI networks, evolution...
Chemoselective Immobilization of Proteins by Microcontact Printing and Bio-orthogonal Click Reactions
Tolstyka, Zachary P.; Richardson, Wade; Bat, Erhan; Stevens, Caitlin J.; Parra, Dayanara P.; Dozier, Jonathan K.; Distefano, Mark D.; Dunn, Bruce; Maynard, Heather D. (Wiley, 2013-12-16)
Herein, a combination of microcontact printing of functionalized alkanethiols and site-specific modification of proteins is utilized to chemoselectively immobilize proteins onto gold surfaces, either by oxime- or copper-catalyzed alkyne-azide click chemistry. Two molecules capable of click reactions were synthesized, an aminooxy-functionalized alkanethiol and an azide-functionalized alkanethiol, and self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formation on gold was confirmed by IR spectroscopy. The alkanethiols were then...
Citation Formats
P. Ortoleva et al., “The Karyote® Physico-Chemical Genomic, Proteomic, Metabolic Cell Modeling System,” OMICS A Journal of Integrative Biology, pp. 269–283, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: