Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık Dönemi İzmir Konutu: Yerellik ve Melezlik

Çıkış, Şeniz
The First National Style in Turkish Architecture was formulated during the last decades of the Ottoman Empire, and was the preferred style for the founders of the Turkish Republic in the construction of Ankara as the new capital city. In the historiography of Modern Turkish Architecture, architecture during the Early Republican Era is assumed to have anatopic characteristics. The canonic repertoire of this movement is also produced parallel to this idea. However, housing stock of Izmir constructed during the same period shows peculiarities opposite to this view. The houses that are taken into consideration in this article contain some local, traditional and conventional features. They are not only formed under the influence of ideological and political influences, but also influenced from their very own contexts. In other words, as hybrid and local samples of the First National Architecture, they were built under influence of the dominant ideological and political atmosphere of the country. Besides presentation of the houses which exhibit influence of the First National Architectural movement, this article searches for formal origins of these houses. A classification, listing most of the existing buildings remaining from the era is prepared, taking into consideration their plan and facade organization, tectonic articulation and building components. Depending on these considerations, three categories of houses has been defined, which are named as 'under the influence of Orientalism', 'under the influence of the Nineteenth Century Izmir House', and 'under the influenced of the Center'. The study also provides a visual documentation of these houses including plans of some typical cases.


Mimar Kemalettin Bey (1870-1927)
Yavuz , Yıldırım (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1981)
The initial phase of nationalism in Turkish architecture is known to have covered those turbulent years between 1909-1930 that saw the fall of the Ottoman Empire as well as the dawn of the Turkish Republic. Locally known as; "The First Period of National Turkish Architecture", these two decades were to witness the fervent struggles of a set of young Turkish architects who opposed the western influences on traditional Ottoman architecture, monopolized by foreign and minority experts for the past hundred year...
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Pınarevli, Mehmet; Öğüt, Nergis Rana; Department of Architecture (2005)
Ankara, being the capital, has been the most important city for the New Modern Turkish State on its way of establishing the modernity project of Turkey. The development of the urban planning projects proceeded on the basis of this aimed concept of the new society, carrying the privilege of being the symbol of the modern republic, prosperity and wealth. Keçiören is one of the main districts of Ankara. The main aim of this study is to analyze and describe the ideological departure of Keçiören from the concept...
Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Son Dönemlerinde Antalya Kaleiçi Ve Çevresi
Dayar, Evren (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2020-12-30)
Tanzimat Dönemi’nin arifesinde Antalya, surlarla kuşatılmış geleneksel bir Osmanlı kentiydi. Kentin ana yerleşim alanı, iki iç surla birbirinden ayrılan ve üç ayrı bölümden oluşan Kaleiçi idi. Tek bir dış kapı vasıtasıyla karaya açılan Kaleiçi, dış ve iç kapılardan merkeze uzanan büyük caddeler, merkezden ya da büyük caddelerden mahallelere açılan daha küçük caddeler tarafından bölünmüştü. Kaleiçi sokakları gayr-i muntazam ve kaldırımsız, evleri ise çoğunlukla ahşaptı. Surların haricinde kentin çarşısı, var...
The Residential architecture of ankara during the 1920s: the housing types in the settlement zones of the new capital city
Avcı Hosanlı, Deniz; Altan, Tomris Elvan (2018-12-01)
The focus of this paper is the residential architecture of the capital city Ankara during the 1920s, which is investigated as part of the development of the city after the foundation of the Turkish Republic. It initially defines the main settlement zones of contemporary Ankara that transformed and were formed in relation with the contemporary development plans implemented to direct the urban growth. The construction of new single houses and apartments as the main housing types of the period in the defined s...
Atatürk ün Söylev ve Demeçlerinde Eğitim
GÖKMENOĞLU KARAKAYA, TUBA; Kondakçı, Yaşar (2015-01-01)
The Turkish Enlightenment process started in the last century of Ottoman Empire and become more distinctive along with the changeover to a Turkish Republic in 1920s. Certainly, education took an important part in this enlightenment process. The basic purpose of education is to create an ideal Turkish community, which could catch up basics of modern life, think critically, consult scientific knowledge and experiments, be open-minded, fully rational and foresighted. This purpose underlines different philosoph...
Citation Formats
Ş. Çıkış, “Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık Dönemi İzmir Konutu: Yerellik ve Melezlik,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 45–61, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: