Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık Dönemi İzmir Konutu: Yerellik ve Melezlik

ÇIKIŞ, Şeniz
The First National Style in Turkish Architecture was formulated during the last decades of the Ottoman Empire, and was the preferred style for the founders of the Turkish Republic in the construction of Ankara as the new capital city. In the historiography of Modern Turkish Architecture, architecture during the Early Republican Era is assumed to have anatopic characteristics. The canonic repertoire of this movement is also produced parallel to this idea. However, housing stock of Izmir constructed during the same period shows peculiarities opposite to this view. The houses that are taken into consideration in this article contain some local, traditional and conventional features. They are not only formed under the influence of ideological and political influences, but also influenced from their very own contexts. In other words, as hybrid and local samples of the First National Architecture, they were built under influence of the dominant ideological and political atmosphere of the country. Besides presentation of the houses which exhibit influence of the First National Architectural movement, this article searches for formal origins of these houses. A classification, listing most of the existing buildings remaining from the era is prepared, taking into consideration their plan and facade organization, tectonic articulation and building components. Depending on these considerations, three categories of houses has been defined, which are named as 'under the influence of Orientalism', 'under the influence of the Nineteenth Century Izmir House', and 'under the influenced of the Center'. The study also provides a visual documentation of these houses including plans of some typical cases.

Citation Formats
Ş. ÇIKIŞ, “Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık Dönemi İzmir Konutu: Yerellik ve Melezlik,” METU JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 45–61, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: