Bruno Taut And The Program For The Protection Of Monuments In Turkey (1937-38)/ Three Case Studies: Ankara, Edi̇rne And Bursa

Gasko, Giorgio
In 1933 the Ministry of Education set up a program for the protection of Turkish monuments that marks the beginning in the country of restoration works characterized by a scientific and systematic approach (1). Right at the beginning of the operative phase of the program, the German architect Bruno Taut was officially asked by the Ministry to give his professional opinion in three different episodes: the restoration of Mahmut Paşa Bedesteni in Ankara, the monitoring phase to evaluate the condition of several monuments in Edirne, the restoration of Yeşil Türbe in Bursa. The paper offers a critical reading of these episodes on the base of important documentary sources, in the attempt of re-constructing both their chronological sequence and historical background. The most valuable document this paper refers to is the İstanbul Journal, the diary in which Taut recorded the main episodes of his professional agenda in Turkey. Together with this primary source other evidences come from secondary sources included in various Turkish publications, especially the report published in 1935 by the Committee for the Protection of Monuments (Anıtları Koruma Komisyonu). In the case of the restoration of Yeşil Türbe in Bursa then the author had the chance to refer to a Taut’s unpublished text: Bericht über die Renovierung der Yeşil Türbe, the report Taut drew up in analyzing the monument. This is a clear evidence of the official character of this assignment and moreover it represents a source of a paramount importance not only to investigate the relationship between Taut and restoration principles but especially to re-formulate his professional status inside the operative structure of the Ministry of Education. These episodes offer a new angle from which is possible to evaluate the effort of the Ministry in setting the restoration program as a national project aimed at grounding the identity of the new state on its historical heritage. The editing of the monuments as national icons, prime strategy implied in Ministry’s policy, characterizes indeed the work agenda of the selected case studies and clears up the decision to make use of foreign experts’ opinion. By this point of view this side of Taut’s professional activity in Turkey, until now quite ignored, turns to be essential in order to evaluate his role in the re-elaboration of monuments for the benefit of state ideology and his contribution on the topic right at the beginning of the construction of a restoration culture in Turkey.


Conservation of village institutes as a heritage of early republican period: Ivriz village institute
Aladağ, Azime; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2019)
Following the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, many modernization movements were started to reconstruct a modern new nation among which ‘education’ had an important role and position. As a reflection of the bottom-up development policy of the new Republic, a new education system of village institutes was established to support rural development via rural education. With the principle of revitalization of the villages, it was aimed to train teachers, agricultural experts, and health officers fro...
The Evolution of National Identity and Nationalism in Azerbaijan (1900-2018)
Guliyeva, Narmin; Ergun Özbolat, Ayça; Department of Sociology (2022-9-22)
The de- and re-construction of national identity have been accelerated in Azerbaijan since the fall of the Soviet Union thanks to which Azerbaijan emerged as an independent nation-state. Azerbaijanism has been promulgated to be the main backbone of state official ideology since independence, except for a short time of Turkism. Though a quarter of a century has passed since the elites started formulating the national identity, it is still incomplete and there from time to time emerges questions about the pro...
The contribution of geographic information system to the urban planning process in Turkey
Kepoğlu, Volkan Osman; Keskinok, Hüseyin Çağatay; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2003)
This thesis attempts to show the contribution of Geographic Information System to urban planning process in Turkey. GIS can enhance the planning system by providing an access to accurate, reliable and update geographical information, producing alternatives according to the scenario and ensuring participation in the evaluation of the alternatives. This is the high level contribution of GIS for the enhancement of planning. The contribution can occur; if certain conditions are sustained such as establishment o...
The perceptions of teachers and administrators on the relationship between some non-curricular school factors and the potential success of the new basic education curriculum
Vatanartıran, Sinem; Şimşek, Hasan; Department of Educational Sciences (2008)
The Ministry of Education of Turkey changed the national education programs in accordance with recent approaches in education as part of the educational reform that covers basic and secondary levels of schooling in 2005-2006 academic year. This educational reform that was proposed to change the formerly traditional, behaviorist, and teacher-centered programs into constructivist and student-centered programs will obviously have effects on millions of students, educators and families. Its long-term influence ...
Locating the structure-agency dichitimy in architecture : workers' club as a type of social condenser in the Sovites 1917-32
Önen, Hasan İsben; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2006)
This thesis focuses on the Soviets after the October Revolution, between 1917 and 1932, in which architecture was seen as the crucial aparatus to transform the society. Within this framework it approaches to social condensers which were perceived as architectural foresights and buildings that aim to transform the society and promote a new, collective way of life and relocates the (social) structure and agency dichotomy in architecture. Furthermore the effort of the creative individual (agent) to preserve hi...
Citation Formats
G. Gasko, “Bruno Taut And The Program For The Protection Of Monuments In Turkey (1937-38)/ Three Case Studies: Ankara, Edi̇rne And Bursa,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 15–36, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: